The Precious Heritage of the People’s Science is Going to Extinction

The human communities had been facing challenges since the unknown time of human history.  In the meanwhile, they had been responding with critical analyses, mature responses, and solid philosophies. Though taking a longer time period (evolution) the results were always easy to understand, interesting to implement and accurate to target the challenge. The people’s science is a great art which is proved by the time and generations.

Lets’ take the health science (people’s health science) as an example. It was absolutely based on the concepts of symbiosis, wellness of all, hot & cold (nature of the product), personal nature, prevailing environments, habitats and landscape (weather, water, air etc) and a long list of things. The Philosophy of Symbiosis and Gut’s Role in Natural Health

The techniques of the people’s science are fortified with the following merits.

  • Free of side effects
  • Symbiotic in nature
  • Local solution (available local)
  • Locally manageable
  • Cheaper in prices (usually free available)
  • No intellectual and proprietary rights
  • No corporate business is involved
  • No problem to the environment.

As a conclusion of the talk, I would expect, the scientists, philosophers, thinkers, policymakers, educationist, and politicians to consider this precious part of science. The modern era is forcing this precious heritage of people’s science towards extinction. It is the utmost need of time to give proper place to people’s science so that the modern ideas go hand in hand with the proven science of the communities.



The Best Option for Sustainable Food Production in Challenging Environment ~is the Promising Camel

Happy Camel’s Day (WCD)

Among the camel’s world, the subcontinent is the region where the day starts first. It is 22nd June in the subcontinent, so I can safely say Happy Camel’s Day. At the occasion of WCD, I started the series of articles based on the documents/material sent from different corners of the world. As my own share, I want to express my views on the role of the camel as a farm animal in NENA region.

Not the ship but the gift of the desert

Near East and North Africa (NENA) is one of the driest and challenging landscapes on the face of the earth. The major percentage of the global deserted lands fall in this region, making it a hostile ecosystem for many other livestock species. Nature blessed the region with the highly adapted and unique livestock species “the Camel”, well said as Ataullah in Arabic.

As mentioned in the holy book Quran “do they do not look at camel; how strange it is created?” the camel is the animal of unique characteristics’ making it the most valuable creature of the drylands. The people living in this region, especially the camel herders and pastoralists depend on the camels for food, accessibility, and other livelihoods. Camel produces milk in very high ambient temperatures and other climatic challenges, in the same environment, other livestock species are hard to survive. Camel is not in competition with any other livestock as camel browse on very woody and bushy vegetation.

The desert’s friend…

In the climate change scenario and fragile security (in some parts of Iraq, Libya, Yemen, and Syria) camel is the animal of choice to provide precious food items as milk (primary product) and meat to ensure the survival of the people. Camel farming needs very low input making it a sustainable profession.

Based on my experience and scientific findings, I can say that camel is the most sustainable farm animal in the region. The cow model (cow dairies) is not sustainable in such a hostile ecosystem and the milk produced is very expensive if calculated in the ecosystem model as the cow needs many times more water to produce one liter of milk. The camel tolerates very high ambient temperatures, on a contrary, the cow needs a cooling system (using fossil oil) to produce milk in the same situation.

Camel ensures accessibility in the remote areas

The quality of camel milk is very appreciating than that of cow milk. Free of allergen protein, intolerant lactose and low in the saturated long chain, fats making the camel milk the best choice for health sensitive people. The region needs to ensure joint efforts for making policies regarding the food and agriculture and keep the camel on top priority as an animal of food security in climate change scenario.

They are not in competition with other livestock species

The organization “Camels4Life” which is an advocacy group supporting camel’s cause,  is always willing to support both governments and NGOs for finding ways to use a camel as a sustainable farm animal contrast to its old vision of beast of the burden.

For more details, please go to the link below.



Plastic Pollution is a Killer for Camels in the Desert

I love desert and serve the desert. I clean the desert. I explore the desert. I know the beauty and treasures of the desert. I clean the desert once in a week and spend some hours with the nature in the desert.

The plastic is one of the hazardous product of the modern era, scattered everywhere, from mountains to the seabed. Deserts are also full of the plastic pollution. Whe the plastic is in the form of bottles, bages etc, it harms the plants and retard the growth and germination. With the time, the plastic breaks in small pieces, becoming more dangerous and hazardous, especially for the livestock. The socalled decoposable plastic is even more dangerous in my view. It shattered on a broad surface, usually accomulated under the bushes which ultimately make a way to the camel or thero livestock’s gut.

Once in a weak, I go to the desert, spend some hours and collect the plastic and through in the nearby wastebins. During such exercise, I almost collect up to 10 kg waste, mostly bottles and other plastic. I collect it in plastic bags and share the photographs on my social media to give 2 lesson to the people, 1. to not through plastic exept in the wastebin and 2 collect some waste from the desert whenever you visit the desert.

Here are some pictures of my desert cleaning activity.

Some bottles are glassmade
The scattered tinny pieces of the socalled decomposable plastic, this will go in the camel gut, so sad

New Solutions to Prolong the Shelf life of the Camel Milk

The traditional methodology using old camel milk for the preservation of fresh camel milk is always very effective. This traditional methodology is now proved by the sophisticated scientific study.

The safety and the shelf life is always a challenge for the camel milk. Africa is producing the majore portion of the camel milk and the options are very limited to keep and transport camel milk entact and safe. Now, the researchers from institutions in Denmark and Ethiopia have isolated new strains of lactic acid bacteria from raw camel milk, which can be used in a starter culture that both acidifies the milk and kills off even very large amounts of various disease-causing microorganisms in the milk. The researchers believe this to be a novel discovery for making camel milk products safer to consume.

The freeze-dried starter is the result of a five-year project wherein experiments have shown that five litres of camel milk can make enough starter culture to produce half a million litres of safe, fermented camel milk. The team behind the study recommends that the milk is heat treated prior to adding the culture to help further reduce disease-causing bacteria.

For the details, please go to the link provided below. https://www.newfoodmagazine.com/news/120700/life-saving-bio-culture-is-developed-to-make-camel-milk-safe/

The camel milk is the only choice when someone has problem with the other milks. The fluids extracted from the fruits, vegetables and the nuts are not the milk. http://camel4all.info/index.php/2020/09/24/camel-milk-is-the-best-choice/

Some Opinions about the Shooting of Camels in Australia

In connectin with my article “A Camel SOS Call from the Outreach of Australiahttps://arkbiodiv.com/2020/09/10/a-camel-sos-call-from-the-outreach-of-australia/, with the appeal as “Please help and support our cause to save the camels in Australia from mass shooting“, I recieved some responses both in the camel advocacy “Camel4life internatonal” whatsapps group and facebook. In the ensuing lines, I shall share with their names and brief introduction.

  1. Debi Robinson from Australia: I have just come from a visit from a Station (ranch) they have invited me to find alternative markets for their camels as it is not viable to transport the long distances to abbatoirs..this is the basic reasoning for culls. Transport does and kill price doesn’t bring income for desert farming. Many years ago, 1000 head of camels were quarantined and shipped to Indonesia as live meat trade but the shop was condemned and Government would not help with financing a new one.
  2. Natalie Mollett, a Vet. from Australia: Hi Raziq I hope this explains a little about why we need to cullferal camels. We have a serious problem with increasing droughts exacerbated by climate change. Many remote rural areas now have been declared water deficient and many remote aboriginal communities have no water at all. The camels are destroying habitat for endangered native flora and fauna. It is similar to the problem we have with feral horses in the blue mountains in New South Wales. For the sake of our environment we need to drastically reduce the number of wild camels donkeys buffaloes foxes dogs and cats. I do care for camels but they do not belong in Australia’s outback.
  3. Dr. Piers Simpkin, a camel scientist and camel herder in Kenya: Compared with many of the slaughter systems I have seen, the professional shooting of camels may be the least brutal and most humane way of killing them. Personally I would much prefer to be shot happily munching away in the Bush than be beaten and hauled onto a truck and then lined up with twenty other camels and prodded with goads into an abbattoir that smells of blood and death which I am sure the animals too recognise. I dont think that the way camels are managed in Australia is the problem. The main issue is that others have pointed out the Australian livestock industry is based on beef and sheep and wild camels destroy the rabbit and dingo control fences and possibly some of the water infrastructure associated with the beef and sheep industry; hence they are considered a pest. It is a pity that their economic and environmental values have not been recognised and that they be managed like wildlife and provided with watering points in the outback, with some domesticated for milk and others culled professionally and painlessly for meat. However in reality this is likely to be more expensive than large scale commercial farming beef and sheep aswell as not being able to fulfill market demands in terms of cost and quantity. Would love to go and visit and find out the real story.
  4. Amy, an Australian expat working as professor of Culture in Qatar University: I’ve been asking these questions of every Australian I’ve encountered! From what I understand so far; I think the difference is largely cultural, which in turn sets the tone for policy/politics. Australia’s animal industries are firmly rooted in beef/sheep production. As a Brit, prior to living in the Gulf around camels, I would have (had I considered it) been able to empathise with Australian perspective of camel-as-pest. Only after being educated in traditional camel cultures’ values, such as Bedouin, am I able to make that shift to valuing camel produce and as such see the utter waste in the animal in Australian context. But only really because of that. The camel remains this poorly understood and under-utilized pest/invasive species. Despite everything.
  5. Ilse Kohlor Rollefson, a camel conservationist from Germany in Rajasthan India: I agree. Aussies only think of sheep and cattle as livestock. Although the environment is ideal and much better for camels and they thrive without any inputs. Its all a question of culture.
  6. Calitropis Vijesh from Thar Desert Sindh Pakistan: So sad, they shoot them as it’s believed that they are drinking more water. But they don’t know that it’s only animal which can survive upto a month without water. They have understood camel very wrongly.
  7. Anne Orman from Australia: As much as I like Camels and other feral species as a native flora and fauna advocate I don’t support the protection of any non-native species.
  8. Chris Hill, a camel owner in Australia: Love all your comments , but everyone one jumps when it’s doom and gloom , if we could all support and promote the benefits on the camel then it would have a great sustainable industry in Australia.
  9. Mudassir Yasin, camel milk UK: It really is very disturbing and sad to learn of this pathetic and inhumane response by the Australian Government. Culling camels is not the answer. It was perfectly acceptable at one stage in history when Australia imported the camels into Australia from Pakistan and Afghanistan to shape and build Australia’s infrastructure and now quite ironically, these camels are being blamed for causing nuisance to Australia’s environment. Where would Australia be today if it wasn’t for the camels?
  10. My own comment, it is very unfortunate and painful to see such stories and pictures. The poor but very useful animal, the camel is just shot and killed for no use. The policymakers are really duffers. They must know the value of a camel. There must be a way to save these camels and to transfer to the other continents where the people are in love with the precious camels. Being the head of the camel advocacy group, Camel4Life, I consider this act as a crime. Please stoppppp.

Camel is a solution not a problem

Dr. Raziq


Camel is the best solution not a problem.

A Camel SOS Call from the Outreach of Australia

Please help and support our cause to save the camels in Australia from mass shooting.

Now I have put this photo up before and it sure wont be the last time you see it, as I am fed up with our seriously hopeless Federal and State governments in Australia doing zero towards fixing the problem. Spread it far and wide and make as much noise as you can to everyone. Shooting and killing the precious camels like this to let rot on the ground is disgraceful and an absurd waste of a very valuable resource.

The camels killed in the remote regions of Australia.

Hundreds are being shot every day, some are miss shot and disappear to die an agonizing death days later. Now with well over one million wild camels roaming the vast out back, if something isn’t done pretty soon there will become an ecological problem that will be very very hard and outrageously expensive to fix, told by Paddy McHugh, a camel lover from Australia.

1. Back to the Origional Habitat for Better Life

In my view, the best solution is to keep a sustainable and fixed number of the camels in the countryside of Australia and shift the surplus each year to the original habitats of camels, especially the places from where their origion took place like Pakistan, Afghanistan, ME, and Africa. There are many people in those regions who completely or partially dependent on camels. Such cameleers willingly ready to adapt these camels and use them for their livelihood earning. They keep their animals like family memebers, give specific name to each animal and give them a very natural and friendly environment to live and thrive. This can be materialized by the funding of the international organizations, animal welfare groups, and the governments of the regions.

2. Food Aid

The regions mentioned in the above paragraph are severly hit by droughts and other climate change calamities. The people, especially the rural masses are suffering hunger and malnutrition. A food (camel meat) rich with protiens and calories can be an apealing idea to support these poor and deserving communities. Again, it can be materialized by the funding of the international organizations, animal welfare groups, and the governments of the regions.

3. Genetic upgradation with Specialized and Unique Genes Poll

The camel herds in its original habitats have suffered a lot, especially after the onset of the automobile revolution. Because of the modernization and the climate change scenario, some if not many new diseases made way to the camels which are a real threat to the camel health and survival. The introduction of the new blood (via bulls) from the Australian feral camel will be a silver lining in the cloud and will serve as biological control of disease and enhancing the immunitiy of the local herds.

4. A Dairy Use in Australia

The Australian camels are super healthy and very strong genetic pool. Though they produce lesser quantity of milk and there is a natural selection of the camels with the main goal, the fittest to survive. Selection of good camels with promising yield of milk within the feral herd and establishment and development of camel dairies will certainly work and will sustain in all ways. The embryo of high yielding camels from Pakistan (Brela camel) and ME (Majaheem, Khawar and Mahali) breeds can uplift the milk yield and a 10 years of cycle can emerge a sustainable dairy business inside the country. There is very high demand for camel milk all over the world and it is very easy to export camel milk from Australia to many countries as the country is free from many contageous diseases of the animals. Itself, Australi can consume million of tons of camel milk annually. It will be the best use of camels, a great channel of super food and source of employment in the rural Australia. http://camel4all.info/index.php/about/camel4milk/

A Gentle Appeal

Being a camel lover, head of the camel advocacy (Camel4Life International) and experienced camel scientist, I hereby appeal the international organizations, the head of the states, FAO, IFAD, and cherity organization to pelase play their role in saving camels on one side and give a true support to the people in other continenet who are realy in need of the unique animal, the camel.

For more understanding, visit the page of Paddy as; http://www.paddymchugh.com/?fbclid=IwAR2s2Qn1XOgsUZrJwbhkwe6W9H6_i9gYr98G1J78mntgNqlXhRxLn10V9Mc

Camel Milk Revitalize and Enriched our Gut Microbiom

Why Gut?

The gut is not only a processing and storing unit of food but the microbiome in the gut synthesize our immune system. Our gut health is more important than ever before because of many reasons, the immune system is one of the prime importance as a strong & healthy immune system is now more critical because of diverse forms of infections around us. The situation is very challenging, all manmade which led to the present time calamatis of the climate change. http://camel4all.info/index.php/2020/09/08/our-food-and-gut-synthesize-our-immune-system/

So need a very strong and responsive immune system to safeguard our health from such infections. There are many good and local foods that can enriched our gut microbiome and one of the top important food is the camel milk. As, I’m working on the investigation and documentation of the camel milk properties in human health since a long time, I hereby share some very basic facts that can tell how the CaM is helping us in keeping our health intact.

Camel milk can be effective on Gut issues and digestion due to some reasons such as;

  1. Came milk containing a reasonable quantity of anti-inflammatory proteins like lactoferrin which protect our gut from the infectious microrganisms.
  2. Some molecules in camel milk as as antiviral and antibacterial (Lactoferrin, igG, lactoperoxidase, and Lysozyme etc.). Such unique proteins of camel milk inhibit pathogenic microbes, which ultimately enhance the digestibility and provide a healthier ecosystem to the gut microbiome.
  3. The antimicrobial proteins of camel milk can decompose helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach. This bacterium is one of the main cause of stomach ulcers.
  4. The camel milk is rich with the lactobacilus bacteria, especially in fermented products of the camel milk. Lactobacilus bacteria produces lactic acid and some molecules like bactriocins against pathogen bacteria, providing a very healthy ecosystem to our gut.
  5. The milk with such properties are the food of choice for the autistic kids to keep the digestive system calm and help in digestion of the milk product.

I mentioned the very important and relevent charecteristics of camel milk which provide a healthier option for our gut health. The detais will be provided and a comprehensive article later. Take this piece of work as a ‘FOOD OFTHOUGHT”

The soil health makes your gut health and the gut health engineers your whole health and happiness.

Dr. Raziq

A Food that Enrich your Gut Health~ the camel milk

A strong and healthy immune system is now more critical than ever because of ever-increasing infections in our surroundings. There are many reasons for the widespread infections, mostly because of climate change. So need a very strong and responsive immune system to safeguard our health from such infections.

Our Gut Generate our Immune System

The majority of our immune system is generated in our gut. It requires a wide variety of healthy gut bacteria for optimal function – our Microbiome. The healthier and more diverse the Microbes in our gut, the stronger our immune system and the healthier we are.

The Gut Microbiome Depending upon the Food we Eat

The quality of our Microbiome is directly dependent on the nutrient density and the Microbiome of the foods we eat, going all the way down the food chain to the microbes in the soil. The healthier the soils and the more diverse the bacteria living in it, the more nutrient-dense and microbially varied our foods, the healthier we are.

Gut Microbiome Make us Happy

A diverse Microbiome does not only make us healthier but also happier. The microbes in our gut are pivotal in regulating neurotransmitters, Seratonin amongst them – the happy chemical – a natural anti-depressant and a powerful immune system improver. So ultimately, our health and emotional wellbeing are dependent on the quality of the soils our food grows in.”A buoyant life below ground will take care of a vibrant life above ground – for plants, animals, and humans alike.

Camel Milk Provides Healthier Gut Microbiome

Camel Milk provides a diverse and healthier gut microbiome and helps in subsiding the infectious diseases and fulfill the micronutrients in our food. The camel keeping communities having slim and healthier bodies and strong gut health. They are rich with a diverse microbiome in the gut and enjoying a healthier and happier life. I have visited many camel keeping communities in different parts of the world and have found them very happy and healthy people.

Since I have been taking a glass of fresh camel milk daily to keep my gut healthier and strong, I always enjoyed a very healthy lifestyle. I have never been sick for the last 22 years. I run and jog daily and fell full of zeal and energy at the age of 51 years.

What works for you guys?

What works well for your gut health? Please share your experience and achievements in keeping a healthier gut microbiome.

Camel milk is a guarentee of natural health

Dr. Raziq

How Camel Milk can be effective on diabetes?

Nowadays, the researchers following other suitable alternative treatments for insulin. Camel milk contains insulin like proteins, which does not form coagulum in the acidic media of stomach that can be an effective alternative for insulin. Camel milk improves the glycemic control and decreasing insulin resistance in diabetes condition. It is detected a high amount (about 52 U/L) of insulin  in camel milk, and using of camel milk in diabetes patients causes to reduce blood sugar and required insulin dose about 30%. Daily drinking of camel milk may meet about 60% of the insulin in diabetic patients. Camel milk improves other aspects related to diabetes such as obesity, inflammation, wound healing, and oxidative stress damages.

Therefore, camel milk and some its effective components influence insulin secretion by effect on the pancreatic beta cells and insulin receptor function in the insulin-sensitive tissues. Therefore it is as a potential therapy for controlling diabetes mellitus 1, high cholesterol level, liver and kidney disease, decrease oxidative stress, and improve wound healing. Camel milk lactoferrin has immune- modulatory effects on beta-cells of the pancreas and reduces insulin doses required in diabetes 1 and 2 patients.

Obviously, camel milk effects including; effect on insulin receptor function and signaling and glucose transport in the insulin-sensitive tissues; effect on insulin secretion by the pancreatic b-cells, via the survival, growth, and activity of the pancreatic cells ; negative modulation on the glucagon receptor

The Wildlife of the World’s Deserts

The Atacama, the Driest Place on Earth The coastal strip south of Chile and Peru, extending over 1,500 kilometres in total and to a width of 180 kilometres, is where the Atacama Desert forms a complex of arid lands. The extreme aridity of the region is the result of the offshore Humboldt Current, which draws […]

The Wildlife of the World’s Deserts – Part 10 – The Americas Cont’d — naturetails

The Wildlife of The World’s Deserts – Part 1 – Asia — naturetails

Last week my post was about the desert Antarctica. This week I am following with the deserts of Asia. Posts about all of the world’s deserts will follow in the next few weeks. For thousands of years, deserts had power over our imagination as a vast and barren terrain, leading into the unknown and unseen […]

The Wildlife of The World’s Deserts – Part 1 – Asia — naturetails

The Wildlife of the World’s Deserts – Part 11 – The Desierto de Tabernas – Europe — naturetails

Desierto de Tabernas The closest Europe has to a true desert is located in south-east Spain, some 20 kilometres north of the city of Almeria. It is a shallow depression between the Sierra de Los Filabres to the north and the Sierra Alhamilla to the south. This was the area’s fossilised coral reefs that during […]

The Wildlife of the World’s Deserts – Part 11 – The Desierto de Tabernas – Europe — naturetails

CHAL~ A Traditional Camel Milk Product of Turkmens’ Cameleers

Turkmen! A Traditional Nomadic Community of Central Asia

Turkmen is a native community of central Asia, predominantly live in Turkmenistan but a sizable number is also found in Afghanistan, Iran, followed by Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Turkmens are very traditional and have strong connections with the livestock and animal agriculture. They are a strong and long traveling nomadic clan of the Central Asia and the custodian of the precious sheep, goat, cattle and camel genetic resources. A major portion of the community is settled in the towns and some are in transition but still a sizable portion of the community still love livestock keeping in nomadic style. The community is practicing camel nomadism since ages and owing a very famous and good milking camel breed, the Aravan.

Importance of Camel Milk in Turkmen Community

The Turkmen Cameleer Nomads love camel and the camel milk. They, like other camel keepers of the world have their own traditional camel milk product called CHAL written in Turkmen is CALY.

Chal, the fermented camel milk production, traditionally prepared by Turkmen nomads.

The author reported this story from the Northeaster Iran, dominated by the Turkmen nomads. For more interest, one can read the country camel report of Iran, prepared by Mahnaz Salehi https://arkbiodiv.com/2016/06/19/the-multipurpose-camels-of-iran-world-camels-day/amp/


The Turkmen cameleers use fresh camel milk to prepare Chal. It is actually a sour camel milk prepared traditionally. It is the same as Shubat in Kazakhstan. After preparation, it has white color like other milk products but having a strong sour taste. Chal is a summer staple food, the nomads eat bread while taking sips of the Chal. They think Chal is cold in nature and provide cold environment to the body from inside. The traditional cameleers also consider Chal as anti-infectious and vurucidal.

Also, a camel farm with the size of 500 Arvan camels is producing Chal, Agaran and cream with the brand name Gudratly önüm. https://business.com.tm/post/4301/turkmen-farm-supplies-fresh-camel-milk-to-consumers. So, it means that Chal is not only made by the Turkmen community but also prepared even at larger scale in Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan.

Making method

There are certain processes, which are considered as the major steps to make the Chal. The processes are given below in ensuing lines.

  • The fresh camel milk is sourced in a skin bag, mostly sheep or goat skin or a ceramic jar (a modernized container).
  • Add already soured milk (more old, more and more strong culture to make Chal). The sour milk maybe from camel or other livestock, mainly cow, followed by goat and sheep.
  • The mixture is stored in the container as mentioned above, get airtight, shaken to properly mix and store to get fermented.
  • In the meanwhile fresh camel milk is added on different intervals for the next 2 to 3 days. But the chal can be used after the 8 hours of fermentation, though more time means more stronger and delicious Chal.
  • Camel milk fermentation needs longer time period then the other milks, i.e. the cow milk needs 4 hours to be fermented but for the same amount the camel milk needs double time, 8 hours at 30 centigrade temperature.
  • If the weather is cooler, then it needs more time to be fermented as camel milk needs more than 72 hours at 10 C temperature to be fermented.
  • If strong and highly sour milk is used for fermentation, then a thick layer appear on the surface of the Chal, which is known as AGARAN (fermented fat).
  • After the removal of the AGARAN, the leftover is called as Chal which is also called DOUGH in Persian.
  • But if we want it be sourer and more tasty we can leave it again for 4 or 8 hour s in 20 to 25 c to be more carbonated.
Turkmen Cameleers with their famous Aravan Breed

This fermented product of camel milk is very beneficial for gut and colon health; reduce cholesterol and high blood pressure and even it has anti diabetes effects. Also, like mentioned above, the nomadic community believe that it works as anti-infectious and antiviral. https://camel4milk.wordpress.com/2016/05/02/value-of-camel-milk-in-central-asian-traditional-medica/amp/

You can see the composition of plain camel milk and Chal which will give you more clarity about the value of the Chal. The link is provided here to know further about the Chal. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chal

ITUTI~The Traditional Milk Product of Ethiopia

During the traditional production of ituti, fresh milk is collected into a well-smoked fermented vessel, called gorfa. Gorfa is woven from fibers of selected plants into a lidded container with a capacity up to three liters.

I shall try in this series to write about the traditional milk products from the different parts of the world, especially from the traditional livestock breeds. As a first piece of information, I introduce you with the Ituti, a fermented camel product from Ethiopia.


It is a staple food, white color, and a very solid appearance that resembles that of traditional white cheese. It has attractive texture and flavor and has a reasonable shelf life at ambient temperature, making it one of the most desired food in the region. Ititu consumed as a side dish with traditional porridge or thin-baked cereal chips. It can also be consumed as food or drink alone. It is considered as one of the special foods and served to many respected guests as well as to weaning-age children and the elderly.

During the traditional production of ituti, fresh milk is collected into a well-smoked fermented vessel, called gorfa. Gorfa is woven from fibers of selected plants into a lidded container with a capacity up to three liters. A new gorfa is washed with hot water, air-dried; and just prior to use it is rinsed with fresh milk and then smoked for a few minutes with pieces of burning Acacia nilotica (or other plants) placed inside. The lid of gorfa is treated with leaves of Ocimum basilicum for cleaning and imparting desirable flavor to the product. A small volume of milk (up to 300 ml) is added to the gorfa and is allowed to ferment naturally.

Gorfa, the milk container in Africa.

When the milk coagulates, whey is removed daily by a wooden pipette after which an additional volume of fresh milk is added. The process of whey removal and addition of fresh milk is repeated several times until the product is concentrated enough and is ready for consumption. The curd and the lids are occasionally checked visually for mold and any mold growth on the surface of the curd is removed. The lid is also washed with hot water and smoke is applied to it before replacing it.

If the product is stored for a long time without refrigeration this can lead to over-souring and risk of spoilage, due to the high growth of surface mold. This can be controlled by adding an amount of roasted Trigonella foenumgraceum powder that is pre-mixed with fresh raw milk and/or melted ghee, prior to serving.

The milk is allowed to ferment for a long time of up to 14 days and can be stored from about two months to three months.” Very delicious and healthy products compensate for the food shortage in difficult times of the year.

The Camel Milk Story from the Gobi Desert Mongolia

Gobi is a heaven on the earth. The Gobi desert is stretched from Mongolia to Chinese Mongolia. The desert is home to the very beautiful Bactrian camel. In the link provided, you can see very fascinating pictures from the Gobi desert. The author visited the Bactrian camel of the region and made this report.

Gobi desert is home to the highly adapted livestock species and camel is one of the most important and incredible livestock of the region. In this blog you can enjoy great information about the Bactraian camels, their milk and role in the Mongolian culture. You can see the beautiful pictures of the birds, trees, animals, people and desert in this blog.

Enjoy reading and seeing the manuscript and pictures respectively.https://arkbiodiv.com/2018/06/21/the-camel-milk-story-from-the-gobi-desert-mongolia/amp/

Camel is Intelligent and Loyal~ An Eye Opening Story

A loyal camel walked more than a 100 kilometers to reach back to previous owner. See how intelligent the camel is? A story from the Inner Mongolia. A worth to read story. The camel sacrified her health and faced a lot of troubles while walking in lonliness and desert. All the body was injured and the camel became so weak. The Bactrian camel consumed her 2 humps during walking.

A loyal camel walked more than a 100 kilometers to reach back to previous owner. See how intelligent the camel is? A story from the Inner Mongolia. A worth to read story. The camel sacrified her health and faced a lot of troubles while walking in lonliness and desert. All the body was injured and the camel became so weak. The Bactrian camel consumed her 2 humps during walking.
The retuned camel with her previous masters.

According to a viral Pear video, the homesick camel walked more than 100 kilometres through the desert, wading through mountains, crossing highways and fences before finally approaching its old home, which was when the herdsman spotted it. It certainly had the scars to show for its adventure, and when its former owners heard about its risky journey, they decided to take it back.

For details, please go to the link: https://www.odditycentral.com/animals/loyal-camel-walks-100-km-through-desert-to-return-to-previous-owners-after-being-sold.html?fbclid=IwAR1q5wX3JQRH8EcSChWOjf5d6eIvRJ6sDpe68jL2EJXCuSWSPjnfm_SYvgE

The Golden Beauty of Camel

Camels are beautiful and very much resemble to their habitat like other animals. The golden red sand of the Alain gives a very special shade to the Arabian camels. To see the stunning beauty, go to the link below.

Please like, share and comment our page, camel4all. Also, support our cause with some suggestions for improvement and better outlook of the video and channel.