How the Camel Milk Protect us from Infectious Diseases?

Camel milk is a real hero, attracting thousands of people in very different parts of the world. it contains a higher quantity of noble elements (lactoferrin, Vitamin C, Zn, Insulin-like protein, and calcium, etc.) Vitamin C is well known for its anti-infectious qualities and usually found in citrus fruits. As citrus are rarely available in deserted ecosystems, nature gifted these precious ingredients in the form of camel milk.

The Camel Milk which I abbreviate as CaM is the gift of nature and gold of the desert. It comes from the nature’s unique creature, highly adapted and incredibly sustainable ~ the camel. The camel milk (CM) is miraculously proving as a superfood and natural pharmacy. Because of the appreciable level and a unique combination of nutrients (minerals, vitamins, protein, and fatty acids, etc.), CM has medicinal properties covering a wide range of ailments. Such ailments are wide in range and comprising of autoimmune diseases, allergies, asthma, rashes, diabetes, liver disorders, rheumatism, inflammatory conditions, piles, urethral irritation, infectious diseases, stress/depression, peptic ulcers, and even cancer.

Camel milk is a real hero, attracting thousands of people in very different parts of the world. it contains a higher quantity of noble elements (lactoferrin, Vitamin C, Zn, Insulin-like protein, and calcium, etc.)  Vitamin C is well known for its anti-infectious qualities and usually found in citrus fruits. As citrus are rarely available in deserted ecosystems, nature gifted these precious ingredients in the form of camel milk.

Recently, a review article has been published, uncovering the role of super molecule ‘Lactoferrin’ in the CaM. One of the most important and effective molecules in the camel milk is Lactoferrin which safeguard our body from the infections. I hereby share you the link of that paper. http://bjas.bajas.edu.iq/index.php/bjas/article/view/239

I try always to share the incredible health benefits of the CaM so that the people come on the natural resources, making us healthier and stronger. I would be very happy if you can comment, suggest or add something to further polish the knowledge about the CaM.

75 GOODNESS OF THE TREES, My DEEP ETHNOECOLOGICAL PHILOSOPHY

I’m a deep ethnoecologist, ethnobotanist, and desert explorer. I have learned the knowledge from nature and the people. I would love to share my understanding of the trees with the people. I love trees and nature and spend time with nature to heal my soul. Here are the 75 goodnesses of the trees in the following numerical lines.

The famous Thari cattle under the Prosopis tree
  1. Trees provide shade to animals and human being
  2. Cooling of air by transpiration, hence conserve energy costs on cooling
  3. Trees conserve the water, a tree should be considered as a huge water tank
  4. The fruits we eat come from the trees
  5. Foods other than fruits like leaves, barks, roots, gums, etc come from the trees
  6. Trees bring a diverse group of people together and provide a great social opportunity and unity
  7. Animals’ feed, especially the drylands’ trees with the edible leaves and pods
  8. Nesting opportunities for birds, act as birds sanctuaries
  9. Habitat for insects, rodents, birds, and many other animals as a tree is a colony for them
  10. The trees control and minimize the pressure of the wind storms
  11. Each country has its national tree
  12. Mashal, a traditional mouth brush is made from the trees
  13. Trees protect our skins from the hazardous rays like UV rays
  14. Trees provide excellent beauty to the Ecosystem
  15. Trees act as landmarks on the earth, people, as well as the animals, use the trees as their GPS
  16. Trees provide natural mapping, one can easily map the region with the help of the trees
  17. Strengthening and conservation of soil; the soil is a precious asset on the planet
  18. Trees provide a medium to microorganisms to sustain life and enrich the soil and micro-ecosystem
  19. Trapping and fixing carbon from the air, one of the most important roles in the mitigation of climate change
  20. Provision of oxygen, which is the most common knowledge we know, sustaining life on the earth
  21. With the fragrance of flowers, many communities, and people recognize the species of the tree with the fragrance of the flowers
  22. The fragrance of fruits as an attraction and flavor
  23. Many beauty and fashion products are made from the trees
  24. Tissue papers, wallpapers and other roles are made from the trees
  25. Trees are the subject of fairytales, many fairytales are linked to the trees
  26. Historical background, many trees have a history
  27. Some trees are really the living fossils living for 100s of years
  28. Trees materialize communities to sustain in a specific ecosystem
  29. Trees are involved in the water cycle and a source of rains and attraction of the clouds
  30. Protect coasts and provide habitats to marine life like mangroves forests
  31. Use for furniture, a diverse use for different kinds of home accessories
  32. Handicrafts made from different parts of the tree, like leaves are used for mats and hand fans
  33. Tires made from the sap of rubber trees
  34. Different parts of the trees are used for medicine, like fruits, barks, seeds, flowers, etc
  35. Some trees plants are used for fiber synthesis, making fabric and other products
  36. Provides food for the silkworm, great human history with the silk trade
  37. Some communities worship the trees, providing meditational opportunities
  38. Some trees are sacred in some religions and have a spiritual connection as their fruits are considered special and unique to other fruits
  39. The trees provide sports and playing opportunities for the kids, many rural sports are played under a tree
  40. Some communities do tree climbing challenges which provide pleasures to the communities
  41. When kid, I found refuge by climbing on a tree to be safe from the furious dog
  42. Trees provide safety in the wars and conflicts
  43. The small ships and boats are made from the wood
  44. Many specialized parts for the beauty of expensive cars are made from the wood, like BMW, etc
  45. Boomerang, an Aussi indigenous tool for defense and hunting made of the wood
  46. Woodcutting and other equipment for cutting crops having woods as an important part
  47. Almost all the agricultural operations tools were made of the wood in the earlier agricultural development
  48. The old hunting tools were mostly composed of the wood
  49. Some weapons of war were always made of the wood like arrows etc
  50. Wood shaving is used for the bedding of the livestock
  51. Some trees provide special oil like Sandalwood and some others
  52. The leaves’ extract of the neem is used as insect repellants
  53. The wood oil extract from the pine tree in Pashtunkhawa of Pakistan and Afghanistan is used for the mange and other skin diseases of the livestock
  54. Making utensils of the trees’ wood, now the precious heritage conserved in many museums
  55. Use wood for art and crafting
  56. Wood is used for the fencing of gardens and livestock barns
  57. Woods are used for making musical instruments
  58. Wood is used for making stationery items, the best example is the pencil
  59. Leisure food items like Chocolates are the products of the tree
  60. Bottles’ corks are made from the tree
  61. Some hair dyes are made from the trees
  62. Waxes are produced from the tree
  63. Latex Rubber Gloves are coming from the rubber trees
  64. Sponges, a soft and squishy product like a sponge is made from wood fibers
  65. Chewing gums come from the wood
  66. One of the best honey comes from the trees
  67. Sports equipment like Bats, wickets, etc are made from the wood
  68. The kid’s toys made from the wood are considered as the best and safe
  69. Wood pads are used in the traditional treatment of human and animals’ bone fractures
  70. Trees reduce violence, neighbourhoods that are barren have a greater incidence of violence
  71. Trees and landscaping help to reduce the level of fear
  72. Trees mark the season as winter is no leaves season
  73. Trees also increase the value of a property
  74. Some traditional festivals are connected with the trees plantation like Nawroz
  75. Mental health and Ecotherapy, the trees provide calmness
Earliest evidence of the boomerang in Australia | National Museum of  Australia
Earliest evidence of Boomerang in Australia

Only the Nomads Know the others not; the Animals are not a Personal Property but Gift of God

MICHAEL IS MY FRIEND ON FACEBOOK AND I’M KEENLY FOLLOWING HIS JOURNIES AND THE DIARIES HE SHARES ON HIS PAGE. HERE IS THE STORY OF HIS CONNECTION WITH THE NOMADS AND THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE NOMADS ABOUT THEIR ANIMALS. IT IS VERY INTERESTING AND TOUCHING STORY. I SHARE HERE IN THE ENSUING LINES.

Michael Asher FRSL (born 1953) is an author, historian, deep ecologist and desert explorer who has covered more than 30,000 miles on foot and camel. He spent three years living with a traditional nomadic tribe in Sudan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Asher_(explorer)?fbclid=IwAR3nTyCqLgUIL-XR9sPSvMcgP0_YP6Pe_WEvPqz1WeJfKvcnh0FC38wOyJY

Michael is my friend on Facebook and I’m keenly following his journies and the diaries he shares on his page. Here is the story of his connection with the nomads and the point of view of the nomads about their animals. It is very interesting and touching story. I share here in the ensuing lines.

The Secret

There had been a severe drought that year, and many nomads had lost animals. On the way back from the north, Rafig and I came across a tent pitched in a wadi, belonging to the family of a nomad called Saleem. He was a wiry, friendly-looking man who welcomed us to the camp, brought us kisri, dried dates and sweet tea, and only casually dropped into the conversation that all his camels and sheep had died of starvation. ‘We have nothing left’, he said. ‘Not even a camel to move our things to the camp of my brother-in-law, Musallim.’

Camels with light luggage walking towards the destination in the desert

Rafig hesitated a moment, then said, ‘use our camels, Saleem. We aren’t carrying much, and we like walking.’He caught my eye: all I could do was nod.

Saleem’s family, including the small children, was up before dawn, rolling up the tent, packing household goods, loading them on our camels until they were well and truly burdened. As the sun rose in a scintillating star-shape, we were already on our way, climbing up the banks of the wadi into open desert.

Animals are not Belong us but in our Safe Keeping

At mid-morning I walked along with Saleem. For a man who had just lost everything, he seemed very cheerful. ‘It’s in the hands of God,’ he told me. ‘Camels are the Gift of God and what God gives he can take away. The animals do not belong to us, they are only in our safe-keeping.’

Later when Rafig and I were walking together I asked him about this. ‘Saleem has lost all his animals,’ he explained, ‘but he has not lost his name, because his name does not depend on owning animals. A man’s name – or a woman’s – depends on human-ness, that is, being brave and resilient, treating others with kindness and generosity, and keeping faith with the family. If a person has these qualities, they can endure misfortune.’

Saleem told me that his wife’s brother would give him a camel when they reached his camp, and would make sure they always had milk and food. ‘I will herd his camels along with his sons,’ he added, ‘and he will give me a she-camel every season – more than one if the grazing is abundant. Those she-camels will give birth, and, if God wills, the foals will be many. Soon we will have enough animals to support the family.’

The Nomads’ tent in the desert

His brother-in-law would do this, I understood, not because he expected Saleem to pay him back personally, but because, if he himself were ever in need, he would be treated in the same way by the community. I realized that Rafig had offered our camels in this spirit, not for reward, but because the time might come when we were in Saleem’s position.

It took two days to reach Musallim’s camp – a camel’s hair tent and some brushwood shelters in a grove of sallam trees. His family welcomed everyone as honoured guests, and brought us fresh camel’s milk and kisri.

The Lesson

This experience taught me a profound lesson. The nomads understood that humans do not control nature, and that wealth is ephemeral – something our society has forgotten. For them, true wealth and security lay in personal relations, defined not by competition, but by ‘muhanni’ – mutual-aid, good will, kindness and generosity. The ‘secret’ of their survival – and well being – in the desert, for generations, was not conquest of the landbase, but their trust in and love for nature, including other human beings.

Plastic Pollution is a Killer for Camels in the Desert

I love desert and serve the desert. I clean the desert. I explore the desert. I know the beauty and treasures of the desert. I clean the desert once in a week and spend some hours with the nature in the desert.

The plastic is one of the hazardous product of the modern era, scattered everywhere, from mountains to the seabed. Deserts are also full of the plastic pollution. Whe the plastic is in the form of bottles, bages etc, it harms the plants and retard the growth and germination. With the time, the plastic breaks in small pieces, becoming more dangerous and hazardous, especially for the livestock. The socalled decoposable plastic is even more dangerous in my view. It shattered on a broad surface, usually accomulated under the bushes which ultimately make a way to the camel or thero livestock’s gut.

Once in a weak, I go to the desert, spend some hours and collect the plastic and through in the nearby wastebins. During such exercise, I almost collect up to 10 kg waste, mostly bottles and other plastic. I collect it in plastic bags and share the photographs on my social media to give 2 lesson to the people, 1. to not through plastic exept in the wastebin and 2 collect some waste from the desert whenever you visit the desert.

Here are some pictures of my desert cleaning activity.

Some bottles are glassmade
The scattered tinny pieces of the socalled decomposable plastic, this will go in the camel gut, so sad

New Solutions to Prolong the Shelf life of the Camel Milk

The traditional methodology using old camel milk for the preservation of fresh camel milk is always very effective. This traditional methodology is now proved by the sophisticated scientific study.

The safety and the shelf life is always a challenge for the camel milk. Africa is producing the majore portion of the camel milk and the options are very limited to keep and transport camel milk entact and safe. Now, the researchers from institutions in Denmark and Ethiopia have isolated new strains of lactic acid bacteria from raw camel milk, which can be used in a starter culture that both acidifies the milk and kills off even very large amounts of various disease-causing microorganisms in the milk. The researchers believe this to be a novel discovery for making camel milk products safer to consume.

The freeze-dried starter is the result of a five-year project wherein experiments have shown that five litres of camel milk can make enough starter culture to produce half a million litres of safe, fermented camel milk. The team behind the study recommends that the milk is heat treated prior to adding the culture to help further reduce disease-causing bacteria.

For the details, please go to the link provided below. https://www.newfoodmagazine.com/news/120700/life-saving-bio-culture-is-developed-to-make-camel-milk-safe/

The camel milk is the only choice when someone has problem with the other milks. The fluids extracted from the fruits, vegetables and the nuts are not the milk. http://camel4all.info/index.php/2020/09/24/camel-milk-is-the-best-choice/

Some Opinions about the Shooting of Camels in Australia

In connectin with my article “A Camel SOS Call from the Outreach of Australiahttps://arkbiodiv.com/2020/09/10/a-camel-sos-call-from-the-outreach-of-australia/, with the appeal as “Please help and support our cause to save the camels in Australia from mass shooting“, I recieved some responses both in the camel advocacy “Camel4life internatonal” whatsapps group and facebook. In the ensuing lines, I shall share with their names and brief introduction.

  1. Debi Robinson from Australia: I have just come from a visit from a Station (ranch) they have invited me to find alternative markets for their camels as it is not viable to transport the long distances to abbatoirs..this is the basic reasoning for culls. Transport does and kill price doesn’t bring income for desert farming. Many years ago, 1000 head of camels were quarantined and shipped to Indonesia as live meat trade but the shop was condemned and Government would not help with financing a new one.
  2. Natalie Mollett, a Vet. from Australia: Hi Raziq I hope this explains a little about why we need to cullferal camels. We have a serious problem with increasing droughts exacerbated by climate change. Many remote rural areas now have been declared water deficient and many remote aboriginal communities have no water at all. The camels are destroying habitat for endangered native flora and fauna. It is similar to the problem we have with feral horses in the blue mountains in New South Wales. For the sake of our environment we need to drastically reduce the number of wild camels donkeys buffaloes foxes dogs and cats. I do care for camels but they do not belong in Australia’s outback.
  3. Dr. Piers Simpkin, a camel scientist and camel herder in Kenya: Compared with many of the slaughter systems I have seen, the professional shooting of camels may be the least brutal and most humane way of killing them. Personally I would much prefer to be shot happily munching away in the Bush than be beaten and hauled onto a truck and then lined up with twenty other camels and prodded with goads into an abbattoir that smells of blood and death which I am sure the animals too recognise. I dont think that the way camels are managed in Australia is the problem. The main issue is that others have pointed out the Australian livestock industry is based on beef and sheep and wild camels destroy the rabbit and dingo control fences and possibly some of the water infrastructure associated with the beef and sheep industry; hence they are considered a pest. It is a pity that their economic and environmental values have not been recognised and that they be managed like wildlife and provided with watering points in the outback, with some domesticated for milk and others culled professionally and painlessly for meat. However in reality this is likely to be more expensive than large scale commercial farming beef and sheep aswell as not being able to fulfill market demands in terms of cost and quantity. Would love to go and visit and find out the real story.
  4. Amy, an Australian expat working as professor of Culture in Qatar University: I’ve been asking these questions of every Australian I’ve encountered! From what I understand so far; I think the difference is largely cultural, which in turn sets the tone for policy/politics. Australia’s animal industries are firmly rooted in beef/sheep production. As a Brit, prior to living in the Gulf around camels, I would have (had I considered it) been able to empathise with Australian perspective of camel-as-pest. Only after being educated in traditional camel cultures’ values, such as Bedouin, am I able to make that shift to valuing camel produce and as such see the utter waste in the animal in Australian context. But only really because of that. The camel remains this poorly understood and under-utilized pest/invasive species. Despite everything.
  5. Ilse Kohlor Rollefson, a camel conservationist from Germany in Rajasthan India: I agree. Aussies only think of sheep and cattle as livestock. Although the environment is ideal and much better for camels and they thrive without any inputs. Its all a question of culture.
  6. Calitropis Vijesh from Thar Desert Sindh Pakistan: So sad, they shoot them as it’s believed that they are drinking more water. But they don’t know that it’s only animal which can survive upto a month without water. They have understood camel very wrongly.
  7. Anne Orman from Australia: As much as I like Camels and other feral species as a native flora and fauna advocate I don’t support the protection of any non-native species.
  8. Chris Hill, a camel owner in Australia: Love all your comments , but everyone one jumps when it’s doom and gloom , if we could all support and promote the benefits on the camel then it would have a great sustainable industry in Australia.
  9. Mudassir Yasin, camel milk UK: It really is very disturbing and sad to learn of this pathetic and inhumane response by the Australian Government. Culling camels is not the answer. It was perfectly acceptable at one stage in history when Australia imported the camels into Australia from Pakistan and Afghanistan to shape and build Australia’s infrastructure and now quite ironically, these camels are being blamed for causing nuisance to Australia’s environment. Where would Australia be today if it wasn’t for the camels?
  10. My own comment, it is very unfortunate and painful to see such stories and pictures. The poor but very useful animal, the camel is just shot and killed for no use. The policymakers are really duffers. They must know the value of a camel. There must be a way to save these camels and to transfer to the other continents where the people are in love with the precious camels. Being the head of the camel advocacy group, Camel4Life, I consider this act as a crime. Please stoppppp.

Camel is a solution not a problem

Dr. Raziq

https://www.instagram.com/ark.raziq/?hl=en

Camel is the best solution not a problem.

A Camel SOS Call from the Outreach of Australia

Please help and support our cause to save the camels in Australia from mass shooting.

Now I have put this photo up before and it sure wont be the last time you see it, as I am fed up with our seriously hopeless Federal and State governments in Australia doing zero towards fixing the problem. Spread it far and wide and make as much noise as you can to everyone. Shooting and killing the precious camels like this to let rot on the ground is disgraceful and an absurd waste of a very valuable resource.

The camels killed in the remote regions of Australia.

Hundreds are being shot every day, some are miss shot and disappear to die an agonizing death days later. Now with well over one million wild camels roaming the vast out back, if something isn’t done pretty soon there will become an ecological problem that will be very very hard and outrageously expensive to fix, told by Paddy McHugh, a camel lover from Australia.

1. Back to the Origional Habitat for Better Life

In my view, the best solution is to keep a sustainable and fixed number of the camels in the countryside of Australia and shift the surplus each year to the original habitats of camels, especially the places from where their origion took place like Pakistan, Afghanistan, ME, and Africa. There are many people in those regions who completely or partially dependent on camels. Such cameleers willingly ready to adapt these camels and use them for their livelihood earning. They keep their animals like family memebers, give specific name to each animal and give them a very natural and friendly environment to live and thrive. This can be materialized by the funding of the international organizations, animal welfare groups, and the governments of the regions.

2. Food Aid

The regions mentioned in the above paragraph are severly hit by droughts and other climate change calamities. The people, especially the rural masses are suffering hunger and malnutrition. A food (camel meat) rich with protiens and calories can be an apealing idea to support these poor and deserving communities. Again, it can be materialized by the funding of the international organizations, animal welfare groups, and the governments of the regions.

3. Genetic upgradation with Specialized and Unique Genes Poll

The camel herds in its original habitats have suffered a lot, especially after the onset of the automobile revolution. Because of the modernization and the climate change scenario, some if not many new diseases made way to the camels which are a real threat to the camel health and survival. The introduction of the new blood (via bulls) from the Australian feral camel will be a silver lining in the cloud and will serve as biological control of disease and enhancing the immunitiy of the local herds.

4. A Dairy Use in Australia

The Australian camels are super healthy and very strong genetic pool. Though they produce lesser quantity of milk and there is a natural selection of the camels with the main goal, the fittest to survive. Selection of good camels with promising yield of milk within the feral herd and establishment and development of camel dairies will certainly work and will sustain in all ways. The embryo of high yielding camels from Pakistan (Brela camel) and ME (Majaheem, Khawar and Mahali) breeds can uplift the milk yield and a 10 years of cycle can emerge a sustainable dairy business inside the country. There is very high demand for camel milk all over the world and it is very easy to export camel milk from Australia to many countries as the country is free from many contageous diseases of the animals. Itself, Australi can consume million of tons of camel milk annually. It will be the best use of camels, a great channel of super food and source of employment in the rural Australia. http://camel4all.info/index.php/about/camel4milk/

A Gentle Appeal

Being a camel lover, head of the camel advocacy (Camel4Life International) and experienced camel scientist, I hereby appeal the international organizations, the head of the states, FAO, IFAD, and cherity organization to pelase play their role in saving camels on one side and give a true support to the people in other continenet who are realy in need of the unique animal, the camel.

For more understanding, visit the page of Paddy as; http://www.paddymchugh.com/?fbclid=IwAR2s2Qn1XOgsUZrJwbhkwe6W9H6_i9gYr98G1J78mntgNqlXhRxLn10V9Mc

A Food that Enrich your Gut Health~ the camel milk

A strong and healthy immune system is now more critical than ever because of ever-increasing infections in our surroundings. There are many reasons for the widespread infections, mostly because of climate change. So need a very strong and responsive immune system to safeguard our health from such infections.

Our Gut Generate our Immune System

The majority of our immune system is generated in our gut. It requires a wide variety of healthy gut bacteria for optimal function – our Microbiome. The healthier and more diverse the Microbes in our gut, the stronger our immune system and the healthier we are.

The Gut Microbiome Depending upon the Food we Eat

The quality of our Microbiome is directly dependent on the nutrient density and the Microbiome of the foods we eat, going all the way down the food chain to the microbes in the soil. The healthier the soils and the more diverse the bacteria living in it, the more nutrient-dense and microbially varied our foods, the healthier we are.

Gut Microbiome Make us Happy

A diverse Microbiome does not only make us healthier but also happier. The microbes in our gut are pivotal in regulating neurotransmitters, Seratonin amongst them – the happy chemical – a natural anti-depressant and a powerful immune system improver. So ultimately, our health and emotional wellbeing are dependent on the quality of the soils our food grows in.”A buoyant life below ground will take care of a vibrant life above ground – for plants, animals, and humans alike.

Camel Milk Provides Healthier Gut Microbiome

Camel Milk provides a diverse and healthier gut microbiome and helps in subsiding the infectious diseases and fulfill the micronutrients in our food. The camel keeping communities having slim and healthier bodies and strong gut health. They are rich with a diverse microbiome in the gut and enjoying a healthier and happier life. I have visited many camel keeping communities in different parts of the world and have found them very happy and healthy people.

Since I have been taking a glass of fresh camel milk daily to keep my gut healthier and strong, I always enjoyed a very healthy lifestyle. I have never been sick for the last 22 years. I run and jog daily and fell full of zeal and energy at the age of 51 years.

What works for you guys?

What works well for your gut health? Please share your experience and achievements in keeping a healthier gut microbiome.

Camel milk is a guarentee of natural health

Dr. Raziq

The Wildlife of the World’s Deserts

The Atacama, the Driest Place on Earth The coastal strip south of Chile and Peru, extending over 1,500 kilometres in total and to a width of 180 kilometres, is where the Atacama Desert forms a complex of arid lands. The extreme aridity of the region is the result of the offshore Humboldt Current, which draws […]

The Wildlife of the World’s Deserts – Part 10 – The Americas Cont’d — naturetails

The Wildlife of The World’s Deserts – Part 1 – Asia — naturetails

Last week my post was about the desert Antarctica. This week I am following with the deserts of Asia. Posts about all of the world’s deserts will follow in the next few weeks. For thousands of years, deserts had power over our imagination as a vast and barren terrain, leading into the unknown and unseen […]

The Wildlife of The World’s Deserts – Part 1 – Asia — naturetails

The Wildlife of the World’s Deserts – Part 11 – The Desierto de Tabernas – Europe — naturetails

Desierto de Tabernas The closest Europe has to a true desert is located in south-east Spain, some 20 kilometres north of the city of Almeria. It is a shallow depression between the Sierra de Los Filabres to the north and the Sierra Alhamilla to the south. This was the area’s fossilised coral reefs that during […]

The Wildlife of the World’s Deserts – Part 11 – The Desierto de Tabernas – Europe — naturetails

ITUTI~The Traditional Milk Product of Ethiopia

During the traditional production of ituti, fresh milk is collected into a well-smoked fermented vessel, called gorfa. Gorfa is woven from fibers of selected plants into a lidded container with a capacity up to three liters.

I shall try in this series to write about the traditional milk products from the different parts of the world, especially from the traditional livestock breeds. As a first piece of information, I introduce you with the Ituti, a fermented camel product from Ethiopia.

ITUTI

It is a staple food, white color, and a very solid appearance that resembles that of traditional white cheese. It has attractive texture and flavor and has a reasonable shelf life at ambient temperature, making it one of the most desired food in the region. Ititu consumed as a side dish with traditional porridge or thin-baked cereal chips. It can also be consumed as food or drink alone. It is considered as one of the special foods and served to many respected guests as well as to weaning-age children and the elderly.

During the traditional production of ituti, fresh milk is collected into a well-smoked fermented vessel, called gorfa. Gorfa is woven from fibers of selected plants into a lidded container with a capacity up to three liters. A new gorfa is washed with hot water, air-dried; and just prior to use it is rinsed with fresh milk and then smoked for a few minutes with pieces of burning Acacia nilotica (or other plants) placed inside. The lid of gorfa is treated with leaves of Ocimum basilicum for cleaning and imparting desirable flavor to the product. A small volume of milk (up to 300 ml) is added to the gorfa and is allowed to ferment naturally.

Gorfa, the milk container in Africa.

When the milk coagulates, whey is removed daily by a wooden pipette after which an additional volume of fresh milk is added. The process of whey removal and addition of fresh milk is repeated several times until the product is concentrated enough and is ready for consumption. The curd and the lids are occasionally checked visually for mold and any mold growth on the surface of the curd is removed. The lid is also washed with hot water and smoke is applied to it before replacing it.

If the product is stored for a long time without refrigeration this can lead to over-souring and risk of spoilage, due to the high growth of surface mold. This can be controlled by adding an amount of roasted Trigonella foenumgraceum powder that is pre-mixed with fresh raw milk and/or melted ghee, prior to serving.

The milk is allowed to ferment for a long time of up to 14 days and can be stored from about two months to three months.” Very delicious and healthy products compensate for the food shortage in difficult times of the year.

The Camel Milk Story from the Gobi Desert Mongolia

Gobi is a heaven on the earth. The Gobi desert is stretched from Mongolia to Chinese Mongolia. The desert is home to the very beautiful Bactrian camel. In the link provided, you can see very fascinating pictures from the Gobi desert. The author visited the Bactrian camel of the region and made this report.

Gobi desert is home to the highly adapted livestock species and camel is one of the most important and incredible livestock of the region. In this blog you can enjoy great information about the Bactraian camels, their milk and role in the Mongolian culture. You can see the beautiful pictures of the birds, trees, animals, people and desert in this blog.

Enjoy reading and seeing the manuscript and pictures respectively.https://arkbiodiv.com/2018/06/21/the-camel-milk-story-from-the-gobi-desert-mongolia/amp/

Camel is Intelligent and Loyal~ An Eye Opening Story

A loyal camel walked more than a 100 kilometers to reach back to previous owner. See how intelligent the camel is? A story from the Inner Mongolia. A worth to read story. The camel sacrified her health and faced a lot of troubles while walking in lonliness and desert. All the body was injured and the camel became so weak. The Bactrian camel consumed her 2 humps during walking.

A loyal camel walked more than a 100 kilometers to reach back to previous owner. See how intelligent the camel is? A story from the Inner Mongolia. A worth to read story. The camel sacrified her health and faced a lot of troubles while walking in lonliness and desert. All the body was injured and the camel became so weak. The Bactrian camel consumed her 2 humps during walking.
The retuned camel with her previous masters.

According to a viral Pear video, the homesick camel walked more than 100 kilometres through the desert, wading through mountains, crossing highways and fences before finally approaching its old home, which was when the herdsman spotted it. It certainly had the scars to show for its adventure, and when its former owners heard about its risky journey, they decided to take it back.

For details, please go to the link: https://www.odditycentral.com/animals/loyal-camel-walks-100-km-through-desert-to-return-to-previous-owners-after-being-sold.html?fbclid=IwAR1q5wX3JQRH8EcSChWOjf5d6eIvRJ6sDpe68jL2EJXCuSWSPjnfm_SYvgE