The Arabian camel has domesticated 3 to 5 thousands year before and the main driver for domestication was it milk. The camel was domesticated a bit later than other animals so its name appeared late in the register of domesticated animals. The one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) is found in all Arab land, Africa, South, and Central Asia. dromedary camel is also found in Australian deserts commonly known as a feral camel. Australian camels actually emigrated to Australia with Asian people, especially Afghans to use as a beast of burden for Australian development in the eighteenth century.
Dromedary or Arabian Camel
The dromedaries were domesticated even earlier than the Bactrian, before 3000 BC in the Arabian Peninsula. The term "dromedary" is derived from the dramas Greek for "road") and thus is directly applicable only to the racing or riding dromedary. However, the term is used throughout the world to describe this specie.
Dromedaries were first associated with nomadic Semitic cultures and did not become important until the rise of the Arabian culture. They became important domestic animals only with the Muslim conquests of Egypt in the 7th to 11th centuries AD.
The Bactrian or Bakhdi Camels
Two-humped camel (Camelus bactrianus ) is an Asiatic animal found in Gobi desert and other central Asian countries. The Bactrian Camels are thought to have been domesticated prior to 2500 BC. The name Bactrian is derived from a place name, Bactria, on the Oxus River in northern Afghanistan. Domesticated Bactrian camels were found in southern Russia by 1700-1200 BC and even in western Siberia by the 10th century BC. They were used in China as early as 300 BC as the original "silk route" camels, but were replaced by crossbreds of the Bactrian/dromedary later on.
Dear Daniel, I hope you are fine and well. I’m really fascinated, hearing your very interesting and unique question which was seldom asked before. As much as I know, here is my response. Before going in the details of the answer, I want to tell you one very interesting fact about the camels nomenclature. One hump camel is dromedary (D) camel, if you rotate D towards left side, it will make one hump. The 2 humps camel is Bactrian (B), if you rotate B to left side it will make 2 humps. I’m sure that you know Bactrian camel lives in the region which is one of the harshest and coldest terrains on the earth, one of the coldest and driest deserts. The Hump is actually a gift of nature to the camels to adapt and survive in the hardiest and challenging ecosystems. The humps provide energy and water when there is no vegetation for food. As the Bactrian camels live in the ecosystem which has prolonged dry and prolonged cold weathers, they need double treasure of fats to cope such challenging weathers. The dromedary has one as it is enough for the dry conditions of the year but the other hump is missing because there is not harsh cold weather in its ecosystem.
Camel has got a very special body, physiology and behaviors to not only survive in harsh climatic conditions but to provide food and accessibility to its keepers.
I hope you have got your answer. For further details you can contact me anytime again. Best regards
Trees are very important, that we all know. They are important because of many reasons, i.e. shade, fruits, feed for animals, fixing atmospheric carbon & producing oxygen, fixing land, purifying/halting winds, providing habitats to insects, birds, reptiles and other animals, scenic attraction, herbal value, building material and anymore.
The trees are a precious heritage and social treasures. We have great affection with the trees, especially the ancient trees. Our elders were used to sit under these trees making Jirga (Pashtun traditional jury) and other social event. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jirga
Trees are the fixed tents of the people to sit under and take refuge from scorching sunshine and rains. This tree is an old mulberry tree. Once, our village people were used to feed the mulberry leaves to the silkworms. I remember that golden time.
Go Home Message
Trees are the sign of life and health of mother earth. Unfortunately the human activities are adversely affecting the health of the mother earth. These trees are at the bank of the Karez (traditional water channel), which are drying because of the over exploitation/mining of the water and the overall climate change calamities. We need to save these trees. I met to the many owners/community of the trees to aware them about the importance and to think about the ways to conserve. They are earth loving people and they are ready to save each ancient tree.
The camel is making it space as a sustainable food security animal under changing climate change scenario. One of the most important driving force behind this phenomenon is the precious camel milk (CaM). Lately, many scientific findings have revealed that CaM is a natural remedy for many complex ailments of the human being, ranging from cancer to diabetes and anti-inflammatory to anti-oxidants etc.
International Camel Group with Whatsapp Connection
In the last trimester of the 2018, the author organized an International Forum for Camel Milk and Advocacy on Whatsapp, which is now composed of 120 members from the all parts of the world. Those who are interested to join, can email to the author with their whatsapp number.
The group has a diverse background of the people, from veterinarian, animal scientists, camel lover, interpreters, pastoralists, NGOs, Researcher/scientists, film makers, students to the business people. This year, the WCD has a wider and broader appreciation from different quarters of the world, ranging from Australia, India, Mongolia, Pakistan, Central Asia, Arabia, Europe and up to Americas, the main driver was the whatsapp group.
We have a web link of the CaM experts, a hub for knowledge management and to consult for health aspects with the respect of the camel milk. IFCAM is a great place to get support for the health complications and response with the camel milk.https://camelmedforum.com/advisory-board/. Under the patronage of IFCAM, the Jodie Ashore organized a film, covering different important parts of the camel’s world. https://youtu.be/ay9wM0WeBXo
Our facebook page was not behind in the whole process. Thanks Kehkashan Qureshi who made it possible to post each and every important news related to WCD on the page. https://www.facebook.com/Camel4all/. You can join our page and like the page to support the camel cause. Also, Kehkashan Qureshi made a beautiful film about the role of camel in the livestock sector. https://youtu.be/p9ikX3rVRkk
Hashtag #WorldCamelDay on the twitter was playing its role
We were trying to hash tag WCD activities from around the world with the hashtag stated above. There was a great support and appreciation. I wish and appeal the twitter to please support our cause of sustainable food production in challenging environment with the power of promising camel.
I’m very happy with all this success and congratulate you all for the successful WCD, 22 June, 2019.
The camels, umbrella tree (Acacia tortillas) go hand in hand in the desert. Umbrella tree is one of the most strong and resilient fauna of the extremely dry lands and desert, therefore is acting like a hope for camels during the hot weathers in the sandy deserts.
The camels are such a beautiful creatures, especially when you see them in the desert near an umbrella tree. Umbrella tree is one of the ice cream plant for the camels and goats.