Author riding a Bactrian camel in Gobi Mongolia

Why Bactrian Camel has two Humps and Arabian has one?

Daniel Asked a Question from Mexico

Dear Daniel, I hope you are fine and well. I’m really fascinated, hearing your very interesting and unique question which was seldom asked before. As much as I know, here is my response.
Before going into the details of the answer, I want to tell you one very interesting fact about the camel’s nomenclature. One hump camel is a dromedary (D) camel, if you rotate D towards the left side, it will make one hump. The 2 humps camel is Bactrian (B), if you rotate B to the left side it will make 2 humps.
I’m sure that you know the Bactrian camel lives in the region which is one of the harshest and coldest terrains on the earth, one of the coldest and driest deserts. The Hump is actually a gift of nature to the camels to adapt and survive in the hardiest and most challenging ecosystems. The humps provide energy and water when there is no vegetation for food. As the Bactrian camels live in an ecosystem that has prolonged dry and prolonged cold weather, they need a double treasure of fats to cope with such challenging weather.
The dromedary has one as it is enough for the dry conditions of the year but the other hump is missing because there is no harsh cold weather in its ecosystem.

The beautiful Bactrain camels in Inner Mongolia
The beautiful Bactrian camels in Inner Mongolia

Camel has got a very special body, physiology and behaviors to not only survive in harsh climatic conditions but to provide food and accessibility to its keepers.

On a sand dune, camel is browsing on Zygophyllum bush - Alain UAE
camel is browsing on Zygophyllum bush in Abudhabi Alain

I hope you have got your answer. For further details, you can contact me anytime again.
Best regards

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