Trees turn death to life – Trees play more than 75 roles


A way to turn death into life

These are the tree graves of Indonesia where dead babies are ‘buried’ inside the trunks of living plants so they can be ‘absorbed’ by nature. The ritual takes place in the regency of Tana Toraja, a remote part of the mountainous region of South Sulawesi.

Dead bodies are buried in the trunks of tree

These are the tree graves of Indonesia where dead babies are ‘buried’ inside the trunks of living plants so they can be ‘absorbed’ by nature. The ritual takes place in the regency of Tana Toraja, a remote part of the mountainous region of South Sulawesi.

Living graveyard on a tree

My connection with trees and 75 goodness of trees

I have a deep connection with the trees and other flora and have been exploring and writing about the flora – The Flags of Paradise. I call the trees as the flags of paradise. I have compiled a very impressive article about the 75 goodness of trees, we know so far but now everyday, new things are coming into my notice and I add accordingly. Here is the link to the article of 75 goodness https://arkbiodiv.com/2020/10/14/71-goodness-of-the-trees-my-deep-ethnoecological-philosophy/amp/

A tweet about the 75 goodness of trees

Prosopis cineraria (Ghaf in Arabic) – An unsung hero of the desert


The Story of Ghaf in her own words

When you see me thrive in your fields, you may wonder if I’m stealing water from your crops. I’m not! my taproots goes down 35-60 meters in search of water. That’s about. the width of one of your football fields! I actually protect your agriculture by acting as a windbreak to slow down dust storms. My roots also stabilize sand dunes, preventing the desert from taking over.

The roots of Prosopis cineraria reach up to 60 meters deep
The cineraria is one of the most resilient trees of the desert

Prosopis is evergreen, resilient to harsh weathers, and taller up to a reasonable height

An evergreen tree, grow up to 25m tall; trunk un-branched for several meters; branches droop, giving the canopy a rounded appearance with short triangular spines between leaves nodes; bark is fissured or cracked providing shelter to different insects. The tree is also frost hardy and tolerant of temperatures up to 50 oC.

Prosopis is a desirable food for camels, donkey, and goat – Ensuring food for livestock in challenging climatic conditions

The leaves are an available, excellent, and nutritious fodder, readily eaten by many animals including camels, goats, and donkeys. I call it an ice cream plant species for the camels. https://arkbiodiv.com/2017/12/17/the-ice-cream-species-of-plants-for-the-camel-and-goat/

The tree produces leaves during the extremely dry summer months when most other trees are leafless, ensuring food for the livestock in challenging weathering conditions. Leaves are a rich source of food as it contain 13.8% crude protein, 20% crude fiber, and 18% calcium. The pods also provide a good fodder, containing a higher level of crude protein.

Some very important and basic information about the different aspects of the Prosopis cineraria in the table

NoParticularsDetails available for each particularl
1LeavesGrey-green; divided into two pinnae, each with 7-16 pairs of leaflets with pointed tips.
2FlowersFlowering twice a year from March to May and from October to January. Tiny flowers on cylindrical spikes. The flowers are valuable for honey production.
3PodsPods cylindrical; slightly curved; yellow to reddish brown. The pods (fruits) form soon after flowering and grow rapidly in size within two months time it reach the full pods size.
3Food and Ethnobiomedical usesThe people living in the desert eat the young leaves and seed pods.
Extracts of leaves used as eye drops; extracts of crushed pods used as ear drops; leaves chewed for toothache.
Ashes of burnt bark mixed with water to relieve pain in fractured bones; bark used for rheumatism and also applied to scorpion stings.
4BarkThe nomads use the bark leather tanning (skins of sheep and goats for using as water and oil containers) and also yields an edible gum.
The details of each particular is provided in details

The insects, birds and other wildlife love to live in Prosopis tree. The honeybee make web here and I found it very often. In the following link, you can see the promotable growth of the tree in the desert and see a big honeybee web. https://youtu.be/pMK5UZ0qA4Y

Parts and Products of the Prosopis cineraria


Leaf of Prosopis cineraria
The leaf of Prosopis cineraria makes the plant highly resilient in drought conditions.

Trunk of Prosopis cineraria
Very old Prosopis cineraria tree

A Prosopis cineraria
A tall tree of Prosopis cineraria in Alain, UAE

Very tall tree of Prosopis cineraria
In love with Prosopis cineraria, making its pictures is one of my desired hobbies.

Seeds of Prosopis cineraria
Pods of Prosopis cineraria, you can see the holes which are made by insects to eat the delicious seeds.

75 GOODNESS OF THE TREES – My DEEP ETHNOECOLOGICAL PHILOSOPHY


I’m a deep ethnoecologist, ethnobotanist, and desert explorer. I have learned knowledge from nature and the people. I would love to share my understanding of the trees with the people. I love trees and nature and spend time with nature to heal my soul. Here are the 75 goodnesses of the trees in the following numerical lines.

The famous Thari cattle under the Prosopis tree
  1. The chlorophyl (green power house) in the leaves transform solar energy into chemical energy
  2. Trees provide shade to animals and human being
  3. Cooling of air by transpiration, hence conserve energy costs on cooling
  4. Trees conserve the water, a tree is a huge water reservoir
  5. The fruits we eat come from the trees
  6. Foods other than fruits like leaves, barks, roots, gums, etc come from the trees
  7. Trees bring a diverse group of people together and provide a great social opportunity and unity
  8. Animals’ feed, especially the drylands’ trees with the edible leaves and pods
  9. Nesting opportunities for birds, act as birds sanctuaries
  10. Habitat for insects, rodents, birds, and many other animals as a tree is a colony for them
  11. The trees control and minimize the pressure of the wind storms
  12. Each country has its national tree
  13. Maswak, a traditional mouth brush is made from the trees
  14. Trees protect our skins from the hazardous rays like UV rays
  15. Trees provide excellent beauty to the Ecosystem
  16. Trees act as landmarks on the earth, people, as well as the animals, use the trees as their GPS
  17. Trees provide natural mapping, one can easily map the region with the help of the trees
  18. Strengthening and conservation of soil; the soil is a precious asset on the planet
  19. Trees provide a medium to microorganisms to sustain life and enrich the soil and micro-ecosystem
  20. Trapping and fixing carbon from the air, one of the most important roles in the mitigation of climate change
  21. Provision of oxygen, which is the most common knowledge we know, sustaining life on the earth
  22. With the fragrance of flowers, many communities, and people recognize the species of the tree with the fragrance of the flowers
  23. The fragrance of fruits as an attraction and flavor
  24. Many beauty and fashion products are made from the trees
  25. Tissue papers, wallpapers and other roles are made from the trees
  26. Trees are the subject of fairytales, many fairytales are linked to the trees
  27. Historical background, many trees have a history
  28. Some trees are really the living fossils living for 100s of years
  29. Trees materialize communities to sustain in a specific ecosystem
  30. Trees are involved in the water cycle and a source of rains and attraction of the clouds
  31. Protect coasts and provide habitats to marine life like mangroves forests
  32. Use for furniture, a diverse use for different kinds of home accessories
  33. Handicrafts made from different parts of the tree, like leaves are used for mats and hand fans
  34. Different parts of the trees are used for medicine, like fruits, barks, seeds, flowers, etc
  35. Some trees are used for fiber synthesis, making fabric and other products
  36. Provides food for the silkworm, great human history with the silk trade
  37. Some communities worship the trees, providing meditational opportunities
  38. Some trees are sacred in some religions and have a spiritual connection as their fruits are considered special and unique to other fruits
  39. The trees provide sports and playing opportunities for the kids, many rural sports are played under a tree
  40. Some communities do tree climbing challenges which provide pleasures to the communities
  41. When kid, I found refuge by climbing on a tree to be safe from the furious dog
  42. Trees provide safety in the wars and conflicts
  43. The small ships and boats are made from the wood
  44. Many specialized parts for the beauty of expensive cars are made from the wood, like BMW, etc
  45. Boomerang, an Aussi indigenous tool for defense and hunting made of the wood
  46. Woodcutting and other equipment for cutting crops having woods as an important part
  47. Almost all the agricultural operations tools were made of the wood in the earlier agricultural development
  48. The old hunting tools were mostly composed of the wood
  49. Some weapons of war were always made of the wood like arrows etc
  50. Wood shaving is used for the bedding of the livestock
  51. Some trees provide special oil like Sandalwood and some others
  52. The leaves’ extract of the neem is used as insect repellants
  53. The wood oil extract from the pine tree in Pashtunkhawa of Pakistan and Afghanistan is used for the mange and other skin diseases of the livestock
  54. Making utensils of the trees’ wood, now the precious heritage conserved in many museums
  55. Use wood for art and crafting
  56. Wood is used for the fencing of gardens and livestock barns
  57. Woods are used for making musical instruments
  58. Wood is used for making stationery items, the best example is the pencil
  59. Leisure food items like Chocolates are the products of the tree
  60. Bottles’ corks are made from the tree
  61. Some hair dyes are made from the trees
  62. Waxes are produced from the tree
  63. Tyres and other rubber products are coming from the rubber trees
  64. Sponges, a soft and squishy product like a sponge is made from wood fibers
  65. Chewing gums come from the wood
  66. One of the best honey comes from the trees
  67. Sports equipment like Bats, wickets, etc are made from the wood
  68. The kid’s toys made from the wood are considered as the best and safe
  69. Wood pads are used in the traditional treatment of human and animals’ bone fractures
  70. Trees reduce violence, neighbourhoods that are barren have a greater incidence of violence
  71. Trees and landscaping help to reduce the level of fear
  72. Trees mark the season as winter is no leaves season
  73. Trees also increase the value of a property
  74. Some traditional festivals are connected with the trees plantation like Nawroz
  75. Mental health and Ecotherapy, the trees provide calmness
Earliest evidence of the boomerang in Australia | National Museum of  Australia
The earliest evidence of Boomerang in Australia

Trees’ graveyard in Indonesia

These are the tree graves of Indonesia where dead babies are ‘buried’ inside the trunks of living plants so they can be ‘absorbed’ by nature.
The ritual takes place in the regency of Tana Toraja, a remote part of the mountainous region of South Sulawesi.

Trees goodness are more than 75

I have a deep connection with the trees and other flora and have been exploring and writing about the flora – The Flags of Paradise. I call the trees as the flags of paradise. I have compiled a very impressive article about the 75 goodness of trees, we know so far but now everyday, new things are coming into my notice and I add accordingly.