I strongly appeal to all the people and municipalities of the world, especially the Arabian Peninsula to adapt the best solution and conserve nature by using native flora/shrubs for hedging, fencing, wall beautifications, herbariums, botanical gardens, lawns, and other vegetation projects because of many reasons. The idea is equally good for all the regions of the world but here my main focus is on the desert flora and Arabian Peninsula.
The native biodiversity of the Arabian Peninsula
In the following gallery, different plants and insects of the region are provided. The list is very long but here few important are provided.
The reasons behind the idea
No need for watering as the native flora are highly drought tolerant and can survive years without rains.
The native flora can be plant in any type of soil as they are highly salt tolerant in nature
Mostly, the native flora do not need an fertilizer, pesticides, or mineral suppliments
They do not need intensive care, saving a thousands of hours of labor time
A strong support to the flora and fauna biodiversity of the region
The native flora are ecofriendly, perform far better than exotic plants and better survive in climatic extremes
Also, native flora provides habitat to the mini-wildlife of the region, like honeybees, whisps, beetles, reptiles, birds, and many others
The additional but very important role can be fodder production for the camels and other livestock. The stalk trimmed for beautification can be a very good camel feed. The municipility like Abu Dhabi can produce thousands of tons of fodder for camels annualy and can save a huge volume of import expences
The municipality can save up to million of liter water annually which can be use for other environmental support projects
The native flora can be use for the herbal medication as the traditional knowledge using the herbs is still very strong in different region
Such projects will be a great support for nature conservation
We can form miniature herbariums, living walls, live-fencing, and botanical garden in the cities with the native flora
It is really a great theme to use the native flora (highly tolerant to the drought conditions and saline soil textures) for different vegetation projects like herbarium, botanical garden, living walls, living fencing, landscaping, lawns, and other plantation projects. The native plants can fulfill all the purposes with a very low input system.
Alain Municipality has taken great initiatives alread
In many places of the Alain city, you will notice a lot of native flora have been used for the city beautification, like Leptadenia, and other plants (many from the Jable Hafeeth origin), which is really a very environment-friendly act. I would especially suggest flora like Haloxyllon salicornicum and Zygophyllum qatarense for making fences and walls as they can climb on support and get strengthen their stems with time.
Red jungle fowl is a very adaptable species of chicken diversity. You can find it anywhere in the world. The featured image was shot in UAE. The RJF is highly adapted and can survive all extremes of weather. The breed is highly sustainable and relies on local feedstuffs and kitchen wastes. #chicken #fowl
How Zygophylum. q provides life supporting opportunities to other living creatures?
Zygophyllum qatarense provides not only food (leaves and twigs for livestock and wild animals), but also provide life support to the birds and insects. This plant is also an important source of water for camels & goats (the plant’s bulbs are full of water and minerals), the birds (migratory birds eat the bulbs for water and salts), flowers provide nectars for the butterflies and bees (ultimately provide prey for migratory birds), and the mature/fallen bulbs become the food for the detritivores. https://youtu.be/Izc8O6tdj5A
Zygophyllum qatarense is the only source of water in the extreme dry conditions of the EQ Desert
This is really a unique flora with almost 0 % water loss. It absorbs moisture from the atmosphere and the scatter roots in the sands absorb moisture from the due in the cooler hours of the night. I call this plant a water trap in the desert. The plant redirects or reabsorbs the moisture of the transpiration with the help of the tiny hairs. This plant is really very strange and unique. It is called Harram in Arabic. https://arkbiodiv.com/2021/11/14/leaves-and-twigs-of-zygophyllum-qatarense/
Zygophyllum is nomads’ medicine – An Additional Note
Zygophyllum qatarense is not only a source of food for desert creatures but had been used for the treatment of different ailments in the remote areas of the desert. The aqueous extract of the plant is used for;
Lowering of blood pressure
Acts as a diuretic
Pain killer and antipyretic
Local anesthesia (the extract is applied on the joints and longbone muscles)
Anti-histamine/antiallergic activity, stimulation
Contraction of the uterus (full of phytoenzymes) and