The Tallest Shrub of the Desert – Calligonum comosum


Calligonum comosum (CC)

Calligonum comosum (literature/pictures), is found in a wide range of the region of the Arabian peninsula, ME, Persia, Balochistan, and Thar desert. It is much liked by the livestock, especially the camels. It is very beautiful during the blossom period. The plant has very effective health benefits and is locally known as an herb, known as ارطي in Arabic.

A well-grown shrub of Calligonum comosum in the desert in the Masaken area of Alain

Here is the video of the shrub on the youtube channel. To have updated information, I would suggest you like the video and subscribe to the channel.

The Calligonum comosum shrub of the desert.

Botanical Description

Virtually leafless perennial shrub up to 2.5m tall, stem much-branched from a thick woody rootstock. Main stems are dark and rough often with peeling bark, older branches white with swollen nodes, less rough but angular and fragile, and often dropping. Twigs slender, dark green looks from a distance like long trailing hairs. A very flowering bush, blossoms in pleasant weather (December to April), red and yellowish-green both types of flowers are found in CC.

Habitat and ethnoecological role

Found in sandy plains, dunes, and roadsides, globally distributed around northeast Africa, Egypt, Sinai, Palestine, Arabia to Pakistan. This species is an excellent desert sand binder, cultivated and used for windbreaks around desert plantations.

Used as firewood, as it burns smokelessly. Dried leaves and stems are chewed to treat stomach problems and toothache. It is edible as the tender shoots are collected as salad greens or powdered to add to milk as a tonic or flavoring. The fruits are also edible. The shoots are also used for the tanning of hides. CC is the food of choice for camels and goats, therefore, I call it camels’ icecream.

Save the Shrub

The newly germinated shrubs of the CC must be protected. They germinate very quickly after a shower and grow very faster.

A Photostory of camel manure compost project


Treated with MoM solution l L
Compost produced of 1 L MoM solution trial

Sample 2,3, and 4 are selected for further chemical analysis in lab
Sample 2,3, and 4 are selected for further chemical analysis in lab for details as N, P, K, and other relevant data

A good quality compost is produced
A good quality compost is produced, dark in color and the fiber filaments are decomposed

A good quality compost is produced but still we can see some undigested material
A good quality compost is produced but still we can see some undigested material

Author and the head researcher is showing the best compost of camel manure
Author and the head researcher is showing the best compost of camel manure

Medium quality compost but the CMB are fully dissolved
Medium quality compost but the CMB are fully dissolved

Treated only with water and packed in bucket as others
Treated only with water and packed in bucket as others, the CMB are dissolved

Physical and visual analysis of unbroken compost in bucket
Physical and visual analysis of unbroken compost in bucket of camel manure showing very important information as the bottom region is highly decomposed.

Camel manure compost research, a long way project. The results are published on our website. Here you can read in details. https://arkbiodiv.com/2021/12/07/some-physical-finding-of-research-trial-of-camel-manure/

A Desert Adapted Bush Tetraena qatarensis synonym Zygophyllum qatarense, commonly known as Harm or Hadidi


Zygophyllum qataranse حرم, a highly adapted bush of the desert. You will see this plant green all around the year if there is rain or not. The camels fulfill their salts and water requirements from this shrub. https://youtu.be/Izc8O6tdj5A

Zygophyllum qatarense is a salt-tolerant plant of the Arabian Peninsula that grows as a rounded, dwarf shrub. In adaptation to retaining water in its saline environment, it has small compact leaves that are rather fleshy and succulent. The camel loves this plant because of 2 main reasons, the i.e. rich source of water and providing abundant salts.

Pharmacological Action and Toxicity
Aqueous extract of the plant is documented to produce a lowering of blood pressure and acts as a diuretic and antipyretic, local anesthetic, with anti-histamine activity, stimulation, and depression of isolated amphibian heart, relaxation of the isolated intestine, contraction of the uterus, and vasodilation. The extract antagonized acetylcholine action on skeletal muscle and acted additively to the muscle relaxant effect of d-tubocurarine. The juice from fresh leaves and stems is known to be used as an abrasive cleanser and as a remedy for the treatment of certain skin diseases.https://youtu.be/Izc8O6tdj5A

Camel Milk and the Food Allergies


Camel Milk is Allergy Free and Calming other Types of Food Allergies

The lacks of β−lactoglobulin and different β-casein allergic proteins, the camel milk is the best choice for the children who suffering from milk allergies. Camel milk IGs are same as human milk which improves allergic reactions to foods. This way it is good to calm other types of allergies in human especially children. In a study, the allergy affected children consumed camel milk for two weeks and in the first 24 hours they showed fewer symptoms of allergy and after four days all the symptoms disappeared. Camel milk rapidly improved children who were suffering severe food allergies.

Ways Forward

The findings available are very specific and attained from limited research. It needs further clinical and lab researches to confirm the effectiveness of camel milk in alleviating of food allergies. For further details, please go to the link below. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344787532_Article_Review_Camel_Milk_as_an_Amazing_Remedy_for_Health_Complications_A_Review

The Biological Bullets in Camel Milk Shoot the Cancerous Cells


The CaM has unique biological molecules, inhibiting the growth and proliferation of cancerous cells. The antibodies are living bullets shooting the cancerous cells and other microorganisms in the body.

Natural Health with the Camel Milk

As we know the camel milk is widely appreciated as the natural pharmacy, all because of the biological ingredients found in the camel milk in a very unique combination. The camel milk contains lactoperoxidase which possesses anti-tumor activity. Inclusion of peptidoglycan recognition protein in the milk was firstly found in camel milk which can fight breast cancer by taking over metastasis.

CaM has Smaller Antibodies

The CaM antibodies are several times smaller than those produced by other animals including humans. Recently discovered ‘nanobodies,’ can enter tissues and cells that other antibodies cannot. They can even interfere with enzyme binding sites, contributing to camels’ remarkable disease resistance. Their size and ability make them potentially valuable in biomedical research (diagnosis) on a broad range of diseases including cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and atherosclerosis. For more details, go to the link http://camel4all.info/index.php/2021/03/22/camel-milk-antibodies-inhibit-the-growth-and-proliferation-of-cancerous-cells/

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