Kharani camel is found in the Chaghai-Kharan desert of Balochistan Pakistan. Known with the name of Kharan Desert, it is a mountainous sandy desert situated in the Southwestern region of Balochistan, Pakistan. The region is the cradle of the precious animal genetic resources like Kharani camel and Morak goat.
Morak goat is close to wild ancestors, resistant to diseases and owns a strong power of escape.
Kharani camel breed is the most efficient (producing more milk per kg dry matter feed intake) and survives sustainable in the challenging environment. There is high variability within the breed for milk production. In the wet days of the year, when there is succulent vegetation, some specimen of the breed produce up to 38 liters of milk per day.http://pu.edu.pk/images/journal/zology/PDF-FILES/6-PUJZ-13-2-2802110514-Production%20potential%20of%20camel%20and%20its%20%20prospects%20in%20%20Pakistan.pdf
Take Home Message
Unfortunately, this breed is under severe threat. The main cause of erosion is the depletion of Thagaz (Halloxylon spp) which is the most important feedstuff for camels in the region. Also, there is illegal export (fertile female) to the neighboring countries, where it is slaughtered and consumed as meat. This way the erosion of this unique animal genetic resources is happening since many years. The policy makers of province should take major steps to conserve this precious animal with the involvement of the camels’ keepers. The best way of support is to conserve the Thagaz forest.
Watching is Believing
When you will watch this video, you will understand the importance of the Kharani breed, you will know the landscape/habitat and the threats to this precious camel. https://youtu.be/r4h1E7WHKds