The Camel Breed of Afghan/Pashtun Kuchis
Camel is one of the important modes of transportation for the nomad (Kochis) who travels longer with their livestock, especially sheep and goats. The Gaddai or Pahwal breed of the camel is unique of its kind and highly resistant to foot rots in cold wet weather, walks long distances, and can exist in cold and wet weather with scarce feed and water resources. The word Gaddai is derived from Pashtu (the Afghan Kochis’s mother tongue), meaning compact and round. Pahwal is the word used for Kochis in some Pashtun tribes. The milk production potential is lower, ranging from 3-10 liters per day but the higher variation is the options hope of a medium dairy potential.
The longest-traveling camel breed in the region
As this breed of camel belongs to Pashtun/Afghan Kochis (nomads), therefore, they travel from central Afghanistan to north-east Balochistan. Some nomads even cross the Suleiman mountains and enter in Indus delta (Punjab province of Pakistan). Characterization and significance of Raigi camel, a livestock breed of the Pashtoon pastoral people in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Some tribes of the Kochis cross Bolan pass and enter in Kachhi area of Balochistan and some go further and enter in Sindh province, using the Indus river banks and adjoining areas for grazing their livestock and the nomads work in the crops of local farmers.
Gaddai or Pahwal Camel Breed is under Threat
Unfortunately, some Kochis are leaving camel culture and adapted tractors for luggage transportation because of the hinders in the historic routes and war and conflict in the region. Also, the land grabbers deforested the Indus banks and grabbed the lands for cropping, especially the cotton crop. Floods, river Indus, and the local livestock breeds in Pakistan
Some tribes replaced camels with tractors, while others use a donkey for this purpose. The donkey is an equally good and strong transport animal but the longer distances really need the incredible camel.
Gaddai is the Ancestor Breed of Australian Feral Camels
This breed is under threat because for many reasons, all are manmade. Gaddai is one of the strongest breeds/lines of camel in the region. The British empire chose this breed of camel to export to Australia and used it in terrain rugs of the country for heavy transport. Australian camels are mainly composed of this breed.
- Characterization and significance of Raigi camel, a livestock breed of the Pashtoon pastoral people in Afghanistan and Pakistan
- Body Condition Score (BCS) in Camel~ A tool for assessment of Adaptation
- Problems and Constraints of Indigenous Livestock Keepers of Balochistan
- The Livestock Diversity – A Bio-Cultural Treasure of the Rural Balochistan
3 thoughts on “Pahwal or Gaddai camel”
Predominantly this breed of the camel was exported to Australia.
Wow so glad to read of my great grandfather’s camel and the routes traveled
You are welcome. I was also looking for the people like you. Please keep in touch.