Dumeri also called as Hernai breed is found in Ziarat, Hernai, and part of Quetta, Pishin, Qillasaifulla, and Loralai districts. The nucleus of the breed is Sanjavi, Zalar, Hernai, Shana Gharra, Spin Tangi, and Zarghoon. The tribes who keep Dumeri sheep are Kakar, Wanechi, and Salgari, especially sub-clans of Kakar, i.e. Dumer and Zakhpail. They are living in the coldest ecosystem of the region. https://arkbiodiv.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/ccdb4-download.jpg
The sheep are medium in size. There are many coat colors ranging from brown to reddish and snow-white to creamy color. The wool is soft, fine, and very suitable for yarning. The head of the sheep is red (in most cases) with horns in male animals. The ears are sometimes droopy and sometimes very small.
The vegetation of the habitat is much liked by Dumeri sheep are comprised of Saba, Sargharri, Mulghuzgi, Makhi, Rrandoki, and many others depending upon the season and availability of precipitation.
The population of the breed is a bit hard to compile because of the scattered nature of the breed in a wide area. Moreover the estimation on the basis of the breeders and flock size the estimated population of the breed is 1.3 Million. This breed shrivels in size because of two reasons;
The first reason for the shrinking was the drought, and this breed was severely affected. The second reason is the high return of orchard farming of apples and cherries in the region.
Because of the drought and other social changes, many breeders shifted towards orchard farming. Though the number of breeders decreased the breed is again increasing in size.
- Assili means good thriftiness nature, high compensatory growth
- This breed of sheep is hardy and can survive in the dry period
- The goat-like nature enables it to graze in the peaks of the mountains
- The meat is tender and juicy, very much like my local consumer
- There is more meat compared to bones compared to other breeds
Because of its goat-like nature, it can be very useful livestock in climate change situations as it can rely on bushes and shrubs. Here are some pictures of the breed, surviving in the very cold weather of snow. https://arkbiodiv.com/2021/08/05/6809/