Camel Peronia in Japan

Happy world camel day from Japan

A letter from Yosuke Fuchiwaki (Tokyo JAPAN)

Hello, I am Japanese lover camel. We operate a homepage for Japanese camel mania called “Camel Paranoia”. (However, the explanation is in Japanese).
There are many pictures of camels I met during my trip, and camel goods that are hard to find in Japan.
Since it is World Camel Day today, I would appreciate if you could link to the CAMEL4ALL website.

Thank you.

My Site “Camel Paranoia”
http://www.eva.hi-ho.ne.jp/fuchi/

Yosuke Fuchiwaki (Tokyo JAPAN)

http://www.eva.hi-ho.ne.jp/fuchi/

Camel Milk and Addition of New Products to the Dairy Industry

The healthy effects of camel milk are attracting increasing attention from the consumers and the food industry. This is a very interesting new trend and requires some more research to optimize and develop consumer-acceptable functional products for commercialization.

Cow milk and its products have been dominating the dairy industry for decades after the industrialization of the food sector. The contribution of other animal species, such as buffalo, goats, sheep, and camel, is minimal. However, milks from these animals have great advantages and potential.

The camel milk is unique starting from its white color and glossy appearance and up to its therapeutic effects and processing challenges.

Camel milk, in particular, is a very unique and healthy product with especially anti-allergic and anti-diabetic effects. Several studies have shown that camel milk has some therapeutic potential in both type-1 and type-2 Diabetes mellitus. It is suggested that suggest that drinking of half a liter of camel milk per day contribute to decreasing fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, and plasma insulin levels in both types of diabetes. The healthy effects of camel milk are attracting increasing attention from the consumers and the food industry. This is a very interesting new trend and requires some more research to optimize and develop consumer-acceptable functional products for commercialization.

“Don’t limit your challenges.

Challenge your limits.”

Anonymous

The dairy industry process cow milk into different types of products including pasteurized milk, ultra-high heat treated milk, fermented products, and milk powders and formulations. Camel milk can be pasteurized, like cow milk, but it faces challenges during fermentation to yogurt and cheese. Research have shown that it is difficult to produce set-type yogurt and hard cheese from camel milk due to different milk composition and characteristics. These products are generally more liquid and soft but camel milk is perfect for the manufacture of fermented drinkable yogurt. Several products are produced by the traditional societies such as laban in the Middle East, garis in Sudan, suusac in Kenya and Somalia, dhaanan and ititu in Ethiopia, chal in Iran and Turkey, and shubat in Kazakhstan. These products are believed to be healthy and this is supported by scientific findings.

Actually, a number of products can be developed from camel milk including milk powders and drinkable fermented products. Camel milk has special taste and flavor and may feel different or unliked by some consumers. However, other consumers who are used to it do not substitute it with cow milk despite its higher price (camel milk is 3-10 times more expensive than cow milk, depending on country). Some consumers believe that raw camel milk is more healthy than pasteurized milk but raw camel milk might be contaminated with unhealthy bacteria. The shelf-life of camel milk is longer than that of cow milk and, therefore, quality standards need to be developed for camel milk.

Research is creating new knowledge.

In much of society, research means to investigate something you do not know or understand

Neil Armstrong

As part of my job as a professor at the United Arab Emirates University, I do research on the composition, structure, and properties of camel milk. We try to understand how different is camel milk in its chemical composition and how those differences explain and relate to the different behavior of this camel with regard to nutrition and product properties. We find this research challenging and exciting and we are always making new discoveries. In our research, we collaborate with food industries and scientists in UAE and abroad. Working together with others who are excited about camels and their products is highly inspiring. Some of our recently published papers are listed below.

Relevant Publications

1- Sobti, B., Al Teneiji, H. A. A., and Kamal-Eldin, A. (2019) Effect of added Bovine Casein and Whey Protein on the Quality of Camel and Bovine Milk Yoghurts.  Emirates Journal of Food & Agriculture31: 804-811 (open access).

2- Kamal-Eldin, A., Al Hammadi, A., Gharsallaoui, A., Hamad, F., Ghnimi, S. (2020) Physicochemical, Rheological, and Microstructural Properties of Yogurts Produced from Mixtures of Camel and Bovine Milks. NFS Journal 19: 26-33 (open access).

3- Mbye, M., Sobti, B., Al Nuami, M. K., Al shamsi, Y., Al Khateri, L., Al Saedi, R., Saeed, M., Ramachandran, T., Hamed, F., and Kamal-Eldin, A. (2020) Physicochemical properties, sensory quality, and coagulation behavior of camel versus bovine milk soft unripened cheeses. NFS Journal (in press).

History of World Camel Day (22 June)

In 2009, the author conceptualized the idea of a world camel day (WCD) to aware the people about the importance of camel as a food security agent in climate change scenario. From 2009 to 2012 WCD was celebrated in the province of Balochistan (the important habitat of camel, 50% share of the Pakistan’s 1 million population of camels). Slowly and gradually, we earned the support at country as well as global level.

Camel is a gift of nature, gifted to the drought stricken people of the planet earth. The human wisdom decided to domesticate the animal which can cope with the harsh and hostile ecosystems emerged with the onset of the natural climate change thousands of years before. The wisdom worked very well and selected the incredible camel for this task. The main and the important task given to the camel was to provide food in the conditions where other type of livestock had difficulties to sustain.

Camel love the vegetation of the desert. The plant icecream species for camel Tubulis

Camel is therefore considered to be the only livestock domesticated for the milk production. Though, later on the burden on camel was increased and many more tasks were given to the camel, like transportation, racing, meat, and others, etc. Luckily, camel is turning back to its original tasks, mainly because of its resilience & sustainability (sustainable milk yield) and the awareness about healing powers of camel milk.

Conceptulization of the Camel Association of Pakistan (CAP) in 2008

When I (Dr. Raziq) finished my PhD research work and started dissertation write up, many ideas emerged and I deeply realized that though the camel is very important animal but there is very less support and appreciation for the camel and camel keepers both at country and international levels. So, I started conceptualization of a struggle to bring the camel in the notice of policy makers at all levels. The idea of CAP was to take the first but the important step to highlight the importance of camel at the country levels. Unfortunately, there was very less or negligible level of support for the camel and its keepers.

That time, I had a job in the dept. of Livestock and Dairy Development (L&DD Dept.) Balochistan but on study leave for PhD in the dept. of Livestock Management, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (LMUAF), Pakistan. I presented the idea of a Camel Association in Pakistan to my mentor/supervisor Dr. Muhmmad Younas. Prof. Dr. Muhmmad Younas was Chairman of (LMUAF). He agreed with the idea and supported me at all levels, I once again thank to him.

In the month of September, 2008, I had consecutive meetings with Mr. Abdul Salam Baloch (Secretary government of Balochistan, Livestock and Dairy Development Department (L&DD Dept) and discussed about the role of native livestock breeds, especially the camel. As camel is one of the most important livestock in the province Balochistan and playing a pivotal role in the livelihood of the people, so it was not hard to convince him on supporting a camel organization at provincial and country level.

In the meanwhile, other colleagues and friends came forward and supported the idea of a country organization on camel. Dr. Zia ur Rehman Kakar was a great support and the most active person in the process of the Camel Association of Pakistan (CAP). Dr. Zia Kakar is currently working on his PhD dissertation in the university of vet and animal sciences (UVAS) Lahore. Ultimately, in December 2008, we, laid the foundation of the CAP in the LM departement UAF.

Further details of the CAP will be shared in another article.

WCD 22 June

As I mentioned before, while compiling my PhD work, reading piles of books and articles about the camels and camel related aspects, I realized that there must be some day, mentioning and realizing the importance of the incredible camel.

In 2009, the author conceptualized the idea of a world camel day (WCD) to aware the people about the importance of camel as a food security agent in climate change scenario.

Why we chose the date of 22nd June?

In its original habitat, 21 June is the longest and hottest day of the year, in the northern hemisphere of the globe. Camel sustains its abilities of production in such harsh and hostile environments and adapts to the soaring heat and long thirsty day. We should have chosen the 21st of June as world camel day but it is specified for the world father day. So, we decided to skip 21 and selected 22nd June as the world camel day. The difference in day length is only 2 seconds between the 21st and 22nd June. For further reading about the history of the world camel day, please go to the link below.http://camel4all.info/index.php/2020/06/21/why-a-world-camel-day-on-22-june/

Camel is the most important livestock in the desert and drylands

We Start our Journey in 2009

From 2009 to 2012 WCD was celebrated in the province of Balochistan (the important habitat of camel, 50% share of the Pakistan’s 1 million population of camels). Slowly and gradually, we earned the support at country as well as global level.

Here, I must praise the role of the very important camel colleagues like Ilse Kohler Rollefson, Prof. Dr. Yagil (the late), Dr. Abdul Salam Abax (KSA), and many other colleagues. It is very hard to mention the names of all the people who supported me in this noble cause.

In 2013, we launched WCD facebook page and received appreciation and support from all over the world. The next year, in 2014 WCD started celebrating in the different corners of the globe. The same year, LMUAF under the supervision of Dr. Younas launched Dachi camel milk brand in the university and invited the famous camel lady Ilse Kohlor Rollefson to attend the WCD 2014 and inauguratethe Dachi milk.

Screen shot from the blog of Ilse Kohlor Rollefson.

In the comming years after 2014, the idea of WCD was taken up by many people and organizations and the details are very lengthy. I do not want to engage your for longer time, therefore, I’m hereby sharing some pictures about the WCD celebrated at global level.

The famous newspaper The National mentioned WCD 22 June, the important camel day in UAE. https://www.thenational.ae/lifestyle/travel/world-camel-day-12-bizarre-facts-about-the-uae-s-beloved-beast-1.877476

On this world camel day 22 June, 2020 there are many evenets and one of the most important one is the Virtual University Symposium in Pakistan. https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_eDA5mfYOQnmi8h18xFfksw

We hereby cardially invite you to join us in this important symposium and learn about the different aspects of camel from the world’s reknowned camel scientists and lovers.

The flyer of the WCD symposium.

The World Celebrated the Camel’s Day

The camel is making it space as a sustainable food security animal under changing climate change scenario. One of the most important driving force behind this phenomenon is the precious camel milk (CaM). Lately, many scientific findings have revealed that CaM is a natural remedy for many complex ailments of the human being, ranging from cancer to diabetes and anti-inflammatory to anti-oxidants etc. †

Contrary to the realistic approach, there are many unaware people about the promising roles of camels, most of them are at the policy framework levels and food consumers. To highlight the importance of the camel for its true potential, the author initiated the idea of the World Camel Day https://medium.com/@raziqarkbiodiversity/my-camel-story-and-world-camel-day-22-june-ea49cc3ebca2

Since last 9 years, we are celebrating world camel day. Luckily, each year, the circle of the celebration widens and many more people and groups are joining. In 2012, we celebrated WCD at larger level in the University of Agriculture Faisalabd. http://camel4all.com/world-camel-day-activity-report-from-university-of-agriculture-faisalabad-uaf/ 012/events/140621.html

Tribulus Plant
Very much liked by the camel, especially fresh sprouted with blossom in the spring after rains

International Camel Group with Whatsapp Connection

In the last trimester of the 2018, the author organized an International Forum for Camel Milk and Advocacy on Whatsapp, which is now composed of 120 members from the all parts of the world. Those who are interested to join, can email to the author with their whatsapp number.

The group has a diverse background of the people, from veterinarian, animal scientists, camel lover, interpreters, pastoralists, NGOs, Researcher/scientists, film makers, students to the business people. This year, the WCD has a wider and broader appreciation from different quarters of the world, ranging from Australia, India, Mongolia, Pakistan, Central Asia, Arabia, Europe and up to Americas, the main driver was the whatsapp group.

Only camel makes it possible to live in harsh, dry and hottest environment

IFCAM

We have a web link of the CaM experts, a hub for knowledge management and to consult for health aspects with the respect of the camel milk. IFCAM is a great place to get support for the health complications and response with the camel milk.https://camelmedforum.com/advisory-board/. Under the patronage of IFCAM, the Jodie Ashore organized a film, covering different important parts of the camel’s world. https://youtu.be/ay9wM0WeBXo

This year, the theme of the WCD was ‘THE CAMEL MILK’ CaM. We published an article well before time, to ask the people around the world to come forward and celebrate world camel day at their local levels. http://camel4all.com/world-camel-day-22nd-june-2019-is-approaching/

WCD Facebook Page

Our facebook page was not behind in the whole process. Thanks Kehkashan Qureshi who made it possible to post each and every important news related to WCD on the page. https://www.facebook.com/Camel4all/. You can join our page and like the page to support the camel cause. Also, Kehkashan Qureshi made a beautiful film about the role of camel in the livestock sector. https://youtu.be/p9ikX3rVRkk

The author is milking a Fashoosh camel at the eve of the world camel day.https://camel4all.blog/2017/12/19/easy-and-fast-vs-the-difficult-and-slow-milking-camelsthe-arabs-traditional-knowledge/

Hashtag #WorldCamelDay on the twitter was playing its role

We were trying to hash tag WCD activities from around the world with the hashtag stated above. There was a great support and appreciation. I wish and appeal the twitter to please support our cause of sustainable food production in challenging environment with the power of promising camel.

I’m very happy with all this success and congratulate you all for the successful WCD, 22 June, 2019.

Author with the tiny film director Uzair, who helped us in making video on camel in the desert.

Camel, Desert and the Umbrella Tree

The camels, umbrella tree (Acacia tortillas) go hand in hand in the desert. Umbrella tree is one of the most strong and resilient fauna of the extremely dry lands and desert, therefore is acting like a hope for camels during the hot weathers in the sandy deserts.

The camels are such a beautiful creatures, especially when you see them in the desert near an umbrella tree. Umbrella tree is one of the ice cream plant for the camels and goats.


Acacia tree in the desert, this picture is credited by a twitter friend.
I shot this picture in the amazing beautiful land, the Alain

I have already written certain articles with the title of ice cream plants species of camels. https://camel4all.blog/2017/12/17/the-ice-cream-species-of-plants-for-the-camel-and-goat/

Acacia tortillas is very important plants of the United Arab Emirates. It is found almost everywhere in the country. I have compiled one photostory of the this precious tree.http://camel4all.com/world-camel-day-22nd-june-2019-is-approaching/

One can see many beautiful pictures in the above link. All flora and fauna on the earth are important. They need to be documented, sustainably use and conserve for the next generations.

The Camel Milk Story from the Gobi Desert Mongolia

The story is hereby released at the eve of the World Camel Day 2018.

The author was invited by the newly established Mongolian Camel Milk Company. The group owns their camels in the desert as their half families live there with the precious livestock in the amazing Gobi.

img_51551-e1529573776340.jpgI started traveling from Dubai airport (2 am, 20th April) and reached Ulaanbaatar on the 21st morning 7 am (Cengiz Khaan International Airport) via Moscow by Aeroflot. The 12 hours stay in Moscow Sheremetyevo airport was an excellent experience of life as I slept in a small cabin available on rent, the first time in my life.

A Bank advertisement with camel, the first thing I saw on arrival

Sanaa and Enkhie (the trip organizers) received me at the airport and took me to the hotel (Khuvsgul Lake). Today, the program was composed of some meetings in the UB city with camel scientists/researcher, businessmen and visiting Changiz Khan Museum.

Me with Enkhie in Chansiz Khan Museum

Travel to South Gobi Desert

Next day, we traveled for more than 10 hours by road and reached South Gobi region. We traveled another 1:30 hour to reach the nomad Ger (house). The nomad family warmly welcomed us and we stayed overnight there. I slept in the Ger first time.Nomad house decorated with many camel medals

Gobi is a vast land with rich floral biodiversityThis time period of the year, the nomads do not milk the camels but to let the calf take it and get stronger. The Bactrian camels have beautiful small teats with a strongly attached compact udder.Bactrian camel is very good riding animal

Seeing Camels and Interviewing the Herder

Next day, I woke up in the morning and went to the camels. They are still roaming near the Ger with their calves. The calves are tied. I observed the calves and the dams and found them very healthy and stronger.

Types of camel

There are 3 types of Bactrian camels in the region, i.e.

  1. Galba Gobiin Ulaan (Reddish colored camel)
  2. Khaniin Khestiin Khuren (Brown colored camel)
  3. Thukhum MTungologiin kKhos Zogdott Khuren (double line neck hair)

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Breeding Season

The breeding season starts in October and reached the peak in December and slowly decline and cease in April. Usually, one Bull is enough for up to 70 she-camels. The details of the production traits are given in the table below.

Table: The Production Traits of the Bactrian camel in the region

Months Conception Rate (%) Calving %age Avg. Milk (kg)
Jan 25 25 0.1
Feb 15 16 0.15
Mar 4 5 0.175
Apr 2 3 0.2
May 2 1 0.3
Jun 1 1 1.2
Jul 1 1 1.8
Aug 1 2 1.6
Sep 3 2 1.5
Oct 5 4 0.5
Nov 16 15 0.17
Dec 25 25 0.1

The table clearly indicates the breeding season, calving percentage, and the milk production. The Camel Milk is lower in quantity, producing from 1-3 liter/day but the milk is thick and full of energy to give special strength to the calf to survive in challenging environment. The average milk production based on my survey is 640 ml/day with lactation yield 233 kg. The lactation here calculated on the annual basis but in actual, the camel produces for up to 8 months.

Camel Milk Products

The nomads use camel milk as fresh directly. The surplus is converted into fermented product (Harmok). The Harmok is used very widely and some products are available in the market in Ulaanbaatar. For further details about Bactrian milk, you can go to the link Detailed Nutritional Composition of Bactrian Camel’s Milk

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Harmok

The surplus Harmok is converted into CM Vodka and the residues are used to make Curt. The curt and Vodka is offered to the guests as a unique product of the Gobi.

The Attachment of Nomads with camel

The nomads love their camel very much. They call it Temeh in the Mongolian language. They use camel for riding, racing, festivals, wool, and also for meat (in rare cases).

The Camel Milk Story “Theme of the World Camel Day 2018”

Dear friends and colleagues,
Greetings from the camels’ world.
We, the camel activists celebrate world camel day since last few years. Different groups of the people celebrate this day it in the different parts of the world in different ways. The idea behind celebrating world camel day is to aware the public and the policymakers regarding the important role of a camel in the food security under climate change scenario. World Camel Day (June 22)
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Themes of Different Years
  • In 2016, the theme was “CAMEL FOR LIFE”
  • 2017, the theme was “Camel Journey from its original habitat to the modern world
  • 2018, the theme is “The camel milk story”
Anyone from any part of the world, who is interested to share his/er story can send it to my email, which will be shared via camel4all.com website with the name of the storyteller.
It is a great opportunity for the camel milk producing companies to share their stories (history and products etc) with the world.
Let’s celebrate this year world camel day as the awareness day for the precious milk of the camel.
Some link from the previous world camel days

Hope to hear from your side.

Beautiful Barela camel
A young camel herder with a Barela camel

This was an email, I sent to the camel people.

The Milking Camels of Australia~World Camel’s Day Gift

The beautiful series of World Camel’s Day (WCD) is continue. The recent updates are received by Hannah Purss from Australia. She is telling about her camel journey and the milking camels of Australia. Here is her article in the ensuing lines.

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The disciplined Camel walking on grass instead of sand

“I was first introduced to camels when I was working in Central Australia, a hot, semi-arid region of the country. As I learnt about the valuable contribution camels made to Australia’s development, and the current wild population in the Australian deserts I realized what a valuable, yet wasted, commodity we have here. Dromedary camels do not roam free in other countries as they do in Australia, we are the only country that is yet to recognize their value. Here in Australia, wild camels are said to be in numbers above 300,000.  Most farmers and landholders that have access to wild camel populations view them as a pest, are uninterested in camels or are unsure of how to work with them.

 In 2014, Evan Casey and I founded Australian Camel Solutions Pty Ltd, a company that is based on solid and progressive camel handling and the development of the camel industry in Australia.

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The safe and friendly transportation of camels

 In Queensland, in Australia’s east, we have co-founded The Australian Wild Camel Corporation Pty Limited, a commercial scale camel dairy company. Being on the east coast of Australia means we can be closely linked with universities, academics and various dairy, camelid and veterinary experts.

We have been in operation for around six months now. We are having the most remarkable experience putting our theories and plans into practice, and as a team we are learning more each day.

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Hannah Caring her camels

Currently we are milking over 50 camels and as we move into Australian calving season, we hope to increase that number rapidly. The training program we use to bring camels from completely wild and out of the desert into our milking herd was developed by our company, Australian Camel Solutions, and is based on body language and the communication methods we’ve picked up from the camels themselves. In our dairy training program, we don’t use ropes or restraints on the animals which has helped us tremendously in the speed we can train them, and in keeping their stress levels down during the process. On farm, we have a vibrant, young team and it is especially exciting for me to see them growing in their camel handling skills and their passion for the industry. At TAWCC, we are passionate about fostering a supportive and progressive camel community.

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The Camel Milk

We have been conducting lots of product development – from fresh milk, to ice cream, yogurt and more. Our milk is currently being used to produce our own brand of camel milk soaps and skincare products. The skincare products are currently available only in selected stores, but very soon we will have them more readily available in Australian stores, online and hopefully around the world.

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The Happy, Healthy, Alert and Beautiful Camels of Australia

A very Happy World Camel Day from Australia!”

Hannah Purss, Australian Camel Solutions PTY LTD

www.camelmilkaus.com

France is discovering camels~Endorsement of World Camel’s Day

WORLD CAMEL’S DAY

As a series of world camel’s day endorsement from all over the world, I have received this piece of information from the head of the Dromacity France. She (Fra) is very vibrant and energetic and supporting camels her best at all levels. ” France is discovering camels (small and big) and the government is currently thinking about how to identify and take inventory of those animals. Non-endemic in France, camels are always imported and it is usually done without any tractability. The government wants to order animals’ marking in order to limit health risks linked to the introduction (sometimes by mafia) of those animals classified as ‘exotic’ so ‘unusual’ by French customs services.IMG_5419.JPG

Dromacity participates to Ministry’s workshop which aims to create a common database for camels’ owners and holders. Today, almost only vets worked on the legislative text whereas they have only a few experiences with those animals. DromaSud will be appointed by the Ministry to bring their knowledge and share their experience with vets, in order to help them know how to approach camels (less fear for small camels as llamas or alpacas).
In France, camels owners are rarely professionals (vets or farmers) but are usually fans who own few animals and never herds. Nevertheless, they have a major demand, claimed also by DromaCity: change the classification for camels, from ‘exotic’ to ‘livestock’ as horses. This change would allow free importation of animals selected by the buyer and will limit expensive sells managed by sellers who owns non-healthy animals (diseases, physical and/or psychological defects).
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We hope that French government will change its mind on this law and open its borders to our favorite animals: Camel!
This the fight we are leading!

What is said in the law:

Camels’ owners and holders must now register their animals in the common database.
Holders have to mention the place where they hold the animal, and owners have to ensure the follow-up of ownership.

Moreover, registration of the identification of camels being in France has to be done by the person doing the identification: the owner in case of the auricular mark or the vet in case of the subcutaneous transponder.

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With race camel in Dubai, 2015

eSIRECam database should be live in the second semester of 2016, camels owners will then have 1 year to be compliant with the law and register their animals.”

http://www.ifce.fr/ifce/sire-demarches/camelides/enregistrement-des-camelides/

The Best Option for Sustainable Food Production in Challenging Environment ~is the Promising Camel

Happy Camel’s Day (WCD)

Among the camel’s world, the subcontinent is the region where the day starts first. It is 22nd June in the subcontinent, so I can safely say Happy Camel’s Day. At the occasion of WCD, I started the series of articles based on the documents/material sent from different corners of the world. As my own share, I want to express my views on the role of the camel as a farm animal in NENA region.

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Not the ship but the gift of the desert

Near East and North Africa (NENA) is one of the driest and challenging landscapes on the face of the earth. The major percentage of the global deserted lands fall in this region, making it a hostile ecosystem for many other livestock species. Nature blessed the region with the highly adapted and unique livestock species “the Camel”, well said as Ataullah in Arabic.

As mentioned in the holy book Quran “do they do not look at camel; how strange it is created?” the camel is the animal of unique characteristics’ making it the most valuable creature of the drylands. The people living in this region, especially the camel herders and pastoralists depend on the camels for food, accessibility, and other livelihoods. Camel produces milk in very high ambient temperatures and other climatic challenges, in the same environment, other livestock species are hard to survive. Camel is not in competition with any other livestock as camel browse on very woody and bushy vegetation.

Bandari
The desert’s friend…

In the climate change scenario and fragile security (in some parts of Iraq, Libya, Yemen, and Syria) camel is the animal of choice to provide precious food items as milk (primary product) and meat to ensure the survival of the people. Camel farming needs very low input making it a sustainable profession.

Based on my experience and scientific findings, I can say that camel is the most sustainable farm animal in the region. The cow model (cow dairies) is not sustainable in such a hostile ecosystem and the milk produced is very expensive if calculated in the ecosystem model as the cow needs many times more water to produce one liter of milk. The camel tolerates very high ambient temperatures, on a contrary, the cow needs a cooling system (using fossil oil) to produce milk in the same situation.

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Camel ensures accessibility in the remote areas

The quality of camel milk is very appreciating than that of cow milk. Free of allergen protein, intolerant lactose and low in the saturated long chain, fats making the camel milk the best choice for health sensitive people. The region needs to ensure joint efforts for making policies regarding the food and agriculture and keep the camel on top priority as an animal of food security in climate change scenario.

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They are not in competition with other livestock species

The organization “Camels4Life” which is an advocacy group supporting camel’s cause,  is always willing to support both governments and NGOs for finding ways to use a camel as a sustainable farm animal contrast to its old vision of beast of the burden.

For more details, please go to the link below.

https://camel4milk.wordpress.com/2015/02/18/camel-a-one-in-all-creature/

http://www.thenational.ae/uae/health/al-ain-doctor-sees-potential-in-camels-beyond-their-milk

Camel Milk Has Gained Interest and Sales in the US—A World Camel’s Day History and Update

The series of World Camel’s Day, these updates are sent by Christina Adam from the USA. She is well known for her initiatives ‘using camel milk for autistic patients’.

Christina Adams MFA, USA, Contact: cadams@xiqllc.com, Twitter@camelmilkinfo,

https://www.facebook.com/christinaadamsauthorautismadvocate

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Camel in Texas at Baum family farm

Camel milk for human consumption has enjoyed a recent sharp spike in the US. Trends in autism and health-related awareness led the young domestic industry from almost zero consumers to thousands in four years. Camel milk is an exciting new product, yet the lack of domestic camel history in the US means camel milk causes ‘upturned noses.’ People are afraid it will taste ‘weird.’ That’s why the sick-person market is the main target of domestic producers. Only the ill or adventurous will try it, and the per-bottle cost of $12-25 USD is a deterrent to healthy people. But autism and food allergies/intolerance in pediatric patients are insufficiently treated with mainstream medicine, so parents like these are willing to use alternative and supplemental products like camel milk– not only to alleviate these problems but for well-tolerated dairy products for baking, drinking and travel use.

Camel milk for human consumption has enjoyed a recent sharp spike in the US. Trends in autism and health-related awareness led the young domestic industry from almost zero consumers to thousands in four years. Camel milk is an exciting new product, yet the lack of domestic camel history in the US means camel milk causes ‘upturned noses.’ People are afraid it will taste ‘weird.’ That’s why the sick-person market is the main target of domestic producers. Only the ill or adventurous will try it, and the per-bottle cost of $12-25 USD is a deterrent to healthy people. But autism and food allergies/intolerance in pediatric patients are insufficiently treated with mainstream medicine, so parents like these are willing to use alternative and supplemental products like camel milk– not only to alleviate these problems but for well-tolerated dairy products for baking, drinking and travel use.

2016-06-08 16.47.57Bottles of frozen US camel milk

My son was perhaps “patient zero” in the use of camel milk for autism in the US. When he developed autism, and was later diagnosed at age 2.9 years, I learned diet was a key part of managing symptoms for many kids. When I removed cow dairy products from his diet, his language improved and his red cheeks faded within weeks. Later, it became clear that cow dairy products worsened his autism symptoms. When he was around 5, eating pizza with the cheese removed caused him to walk in circles and hand-flap (classic autism symptoms) and he stated “it feels like there’s dirt in my brain.” Back then, only time and sometimes digestive enzymes would lessen the symptoms. (His recovery process is told in A Real Boy: A True Story of Autism, Early Intervention and Recovery, https://www.amazon.com/Real-Boy-Autism- Intervention-Recovery/dp/0425202437?ie=UTF8&ref_=cm_cr_pr_product_top).2016-04-30 14.32.48.jpg

American women learn to groom camels at Oasis Camel Dairy

When he was seven, I met a man with a camel and his comment that camel milk was used in hospitals in the Middle East for premature infants due to being perceived as non-allergenic made me seek it out. After finding camel milk allergy and autism articles from Dr. Reuven Yagil, at great expense I imported raw frozen camel milk from Bedouins in the Middle East. After drinking 4 ounces of milk, my son experienced an incredible overnight improvement in his autism symptoms (outlined in my GAHM Journal article http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3865381/). It also became effective as a treatment for his negative food responses to dairy, sugar and caffeine, such as hyperactivity, insomnia, oppositional and giddy behavior, often working within 15 minutes.

 I told many people about camel milk and increased my research, so when I learned that American Amish farmers were milking camels in 2011, I went public with our experience in 2012. International articles, speaking and radio shows help me spread the word about this natural healing substance. I feel very positive about camel milk, because even when it doesn’t cause a large improvement in a given child’s autism symptoms, it offers a widely tolerated source of calcium and nutrients for children and adults ona dairy-free diet.

Word spread widely also due to a Facebook group called Healing with Camel Milk, which was started by two mothers of health-impaired kids. Online sources like these, including my Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/christinaadamsauthorautismadvocate and Twitter@camelmilkinfo, have helped parents learn about the milk and find safe sources. While I’ve helped families with autistic kids since 2000, now the daily messages are due to camel milk and autism. These come from the US and people around the globe.

Camels have been a force for good, unifying sick people and those who can help them, with camel milk historically being given to the sick in other countries. I’ve been pleased to discover that camel farmers in the US and professionals camel dairies in other countries have been very sympathetic to their customers, giving discounts to the most needy and using clean production methods. In the US, there are currently around 10 camel dairies, from those milking a single camel to one producing over a thousand bottles per week. Raw is the dominant form of milk, with pasteurized a distant second. Camel milk kefir and colostrum are also sold. New technology like flash-pasteurizing and sales of imported powered milk and chocolates add to the dairy farmers’ sales. Imported camel milk will appear in additional products soon. Yet the primary fluid milk market remains autism.Camel! A One in All Creatures

The tiny US industry will certainly grow once more people become aware of the potential benefits. Due to a lack of camel history and educational centers familiar with the animals, such US awareness will take time. In the meantime, I don’t have to go to the airport and wait for midnight flights from the desert anymore. I have delicious cold milk delivered straight to our doorstep. It may be less exciting, but nothing feels as good as opening a big insulated cooler with 40 bottles of frozen camel milk, and stacking them neatly inside my freezer. It is a feeling of richness and peace, one the camel cultures of the world know well—except they don’t need a freezer. They have camels.

Unfortunately, some quarters blaming camels for spreading MERS disease which is all lie and void of scientific support. Blaming Dromedary Camel For MERS

The Camel Genetic Treasure of Iran

Most of these camels still not been identified, because for extensive rearing system and the negligence of camels in most parts of the country. The other factor is camels are often mixed together and crossbreed by the other types of camels imported from Pakistan and Afghanistan for different purposes.

Once, I asked my camel colleagues to share their country camel report as a tribute on world camel day, which is celebrated each year on 22nd June. https://arkbiodiv.com/2020/06/20/history-of-world-camel-day-22-june/amp/. As a series of World Camel Day’s gifts (information, pictures and videos etc) continue, this new report is hereby received from Mahnaz Salehi.

Mahnaz Salehi is the member of scientific board of Animal Science Research Institute Animal fibers, skin and leather camel management specialist. Her report was converted and amended briefly. Here is the report about the camel status in Iran.

The camel Genetic Resources of Iran

There are almost 150,000 dromedary camels in Iran, mainly inhibited in the southern and central regions of the country.

Most of these camels still not been identified, because for extensive rearing system and the negligence of camels in most parts of the country. The other factor is camels are often mixed together and crossbreed by the other types of camels imported from Pakistan and Afghanistan for different purposes.

Therefore they are divided into 5 main CATEGORIES

  1. Multi-purpose breeds (meat, milk, wool, work, racing/riding and recreation)
  2. Milk type
  3. Racing or riding type
  4. Bactrian camels
  5. Bactrian and dromedary crosses

1. Dual Purpose Camels

Majority of the camels in the country fall in this category. The camel types in the southeastern parts of the country are mainly raised by the Balochi nomadic tribes, are dual pupose.

The habitat of this group of camels is mainly desert or rocky dry mountains. Some camels produce more milk than others like Zahidani and Dashti and Balochi breeds. They are equally good for loading & transportation, riding in difficult terrains and racing and recreations. Balochi communities prefer to keep the camels live and productive, only sell and slaughter when the camel is no more fit in their genetic goals.

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Zahedani Camel breed, found in Zahidan region of the country and adjoining areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan.

a. Zahedani breed is found in Zahidan region of the country and adjoining areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan. This breed is equally good for riding and transport. Goods are transported in border areas by Zahedani camels.

b. The Balochi breed is also found in the same region but this breed is better in milk production than other tasks of multipurpose. Some specimen camels produces more than 30 kg per day in the peak yielding period of the lactation.

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Balochi Breed, a good milk animal. You can see the very strong, big and healthy udder.

Balochi camels are mainly found in central, east and south east at the border lines of Afghanistan and Pakistan. This breed is known as Kharani breed in Balochistan and very good in milk production. https://arkbiodiv.com/2012/01/04/kharani-camel-breed-of-chaghai-kharan-desert/amp/

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Dashti camel (Desert) found in the sandy desert of the Irani Balochistan

c. Dashti camel, their origin is in Boushher province (south of Iran) near the Persian Gulf. They are good riding camels in the desert and used as a transport animal in the desert.

Multipurpose Camel Breeds of the Central Regions of the Country

The camel breeds found in this region are also multipurpose in nature. Here, the top desired purpose is milk, followed by meat and transportation. These types of camels are beefy, massive and large body sized.

a. Kalkuei breed is found in the central region. The camel is massive in body size and also produce a considerable amount of the milk. The camels with huge body size produce good quantity of the milk. The body is is considered as directly proportional with the milk volume produced.

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Kalkuei Breed of camel, good milk camel

b. Mahabadi camel is found in Isfahan province of the central Iran. The breed is good for riding and milk equally. This breed is also strong and compact in nature.

Mahabadi camel in Esfahan province in central
Mahabadi Camel Breed

c. Yazdi camel found in central of country in yazd province. Yazdi camels have tremendous potential of milk as a top purpose but equally good for riding and work.

Yazdi.jpg
Yazdi camel breed

Multipurpose Camel Breeds of the South West

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Arabi Camel, the unique and strongest camel

Arabi camel found in Kozestan and Boushher provinces near the Iraqi boarder. They are good racing camels as well as ordinary riding. The breed also produce a good volume of milk and some specimen are very good milker. Also, some good number of Dashti camel breed is also found in this region.

2. The Milk Type Camel Breeds

Though all types of dromedary camels are very good in milk production but some breeds are super in milk volume production both on per day basis and the lactation basis. Two types of milk breeds are found in the country.

a. Turkmani or Torkumani, raising in Gonbad and Gorlestan province in North East of Iran and the adjoining regions of Turkmenistan. This camel is widely used by the Turkmen nomadic people of the region. Tukmani type is knows as Aravan breed. Arvan breed is specialized milk breed with short age at first calving and shorter calving interval compared to other breeds. The nomads make the specialized sour milk of this breed, called as CHAL. https://arkbiodiv.com/2020/07/23/chal-a-traditional-camel-milk-product-of-turkmens-cameleers/amp/.

Aravan breeds have sub-types with a creamy color which is even more good in milk production than the others.

Turkman.jpg
Arvan breed, or Turkmani breed

3. Riding type 

As discussed before that all types of the camel can perform multipurpose tasks but some breeds are excelling in some tasks and the other in other tasks. The riding camels are used for the accessibility in the difficult terrains of the country where road network is not properly workable.

Bandari
Bandari Breed (coastal)

a. Bandari camel breed is found in south at the coastal line of Persian Gulf. These breed is divided into two sub-types, riding (Jamaz camels) and pack camels. Their origin is south or south east of Iran near the Pak-Iran border. Unfortunately, the number of camels are decreasing of this breed like other fellow breeds in Rajasthan, India. https://arkbiodiv.com/2017/09/25/a-beautiful-camel-heritage-is-sinking/amp/

Jamaz.jpg
Bandari breed of Jamaz type, Sistan Balochistan

b. Jamaz of Sistani breed is actually the offshoot of the Bandari breed. Jamaz type is found in Sistan and Baluchestan, south-east along the border lines of Pakistan. This breed is also found in Pakistani Balochistan. This breed is very hardy and a good riding animal in the desert.

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RoodBari camels

c. Roodbari camel and some other types of camels are found in the Kerman province in south of the country. This breed also found in the adjoining areas of Pakistani Balochistan. The breed is highly liked for riding both in Iran and Pakistan.

4. Bactrian (two humps) Camel (endangered)

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Two hum Bactrian camels in Golestan (North of Country)
Bactrian.jpg
Different color types of Bactrian camels of Iran

5. Crosses of AxB (Arabian and Bactrian) MAYA

There are also around 1000 crossbreed camel for benefit hetrosis in central regions. Such camels are called as Maya. This cross is made to harvest the power of camel for work under challenging conditions. Such crosses are common among the long traveling nomads of Central Asia.

crossbred.jpg
Crossbred (B male * D Female) in rural and station breeding farms

The pictures and data provided by Mahnaz Salehi –World Camel Day 2016, written and edited by Dr. Abdul Raziq Kakar.

Ghan, Camel, the Landscape~ Gifted by Debi Robinson for World Camel’s Day

The series of World Camel Day gifts is happily continue. Debi Robinson is continuously sending pictures as she is on the Ghan track travelling with camels’ cart (she has designed). She has gifted very heart touching pictures from the field.

Debi with her camel cart on the road along the Ghan line
Debi Robinson with her camel cart on the road alongside the Ghan line

According to Debi “The timeline for camels starts with explorers..then the surveyers…well sinking parties..telegraph line builders and finally the Ghan trainline..all following the same camel pads who took stores and mail into the inland.”

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She told “A pity I have not got to Farina and beyond where Ghan towns and mosques as well as gravesites are to be found..I will send you all I can anyway if you are interested..but all the rain here has made a slow but memorable trek

She also suggested to read the book about the Ghan cameleers. “Do you have a copy of ‘Muslim Cameleers’ in Australia?? This is by far the best reference book..

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The well excavated by Ghans that time

She is very much concern as she said “Sad to learn that the track I have just come through will become a nuclear dump and closed very soon..I am so glad I was able to see it now. Mmm especially as it is for French waste”

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Some More Gift of the Ghan’s Camel

In continuation of the previous;

https://arkbiodiv.wordpress.com/2016/06/01/world-camels-day-and-the-ghans-camels/

Here are some more pictures sent by Paul from Australia as World Camels’ Day gift.

World Camels’ Day and The Ghan’s Camels

Being part of the Ghans, it gives me immense pleasure having pictures of camels from Australia. The Afghan people introduced camel in Australia, so they call it animal of Ghan. Ghan is also very famous train route crossing the central desert of Australia. The camels were used that time to install the railway and telephone lines. After the automobile revolution, the camels were gradually left in the rangelands because of very little use in the country for work.

Australia Camel gift WCD.
The camel looks like Kohi camel of Suleiman Mountainous region of Pakistan.

Kohi camel.jpg
Kohi camel of Suleiman Mountainous region of Pakistan

Once the Australian government decided to decrease the number of camels and started killing this precious animals.. With the concerns of the international camel community (author was part of this struggle), some people and organizations came forward to bring this animal into hobbling and food production systems (meat and milk). My friend Paul has sent me the pictures of his camels brought from the jungle. He is bringing camels from feral, train them and use for milk or gift to friends. Thanks Pol for such a precious gift at the eve of the World Camel Day (22 June).

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Mammoth sized camel of Australia, can be a good source of meat

Thanks Pol and Happy Camel Day to all camel lovers