Added benefits of reducing meat and dairy consumption

When we think of the big drivers of climate change, cars and air travel often come to mind. But transformations over the past century in the way food is produced and consumed have resulted in more greenhouse gas emissions than those from transportation. The biggest culprits? Industrial meat and dairy.

In addition to reducing global greenhouse gas emissions, reducing consumption in the countries that currently eat too much meat and dairy could have significant health and social welfare benefits. One study shows that reducing meat consumption as a means of fighting climate change would also cut the risk of colon cancer, heart disease and lung disease worldwide by 34 percent.[31] Another says it would reduce global mortality by 6 to 10 percent by 2050, translating into a healthcare cost savings of US$735 billion per year.[32]

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Other scientists point out that cutting meat and dairy consumption would cut infectious disease and reduce the emergence of antibiotic resistance, and have secondary effects as well.[33] One model shows that the worldwide adoption of a healthy diet could reduce mitigation costs for the energy sector by more than 50 percent by 2050.[34] It would also free up land now used for animal feed production and, if combined with other policy measures, could help small farmers access much-needed land.

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For details, please go to the link below for GRAIN Report

Grabbing the bull by the horns: it’s time to cut industrial meat and dairy to save the climate

The Wise Naqa Camel and Lavish Holstein Cow

Holstein is a dairy queen among the cows and producing around 12,000 liters per lactation. Though its’ farming system (intensive) is objectionable in many features as; animal welfare, environment, energy, methane and carbon foot print etc. but satisfies the ever increasing desire of the milk consumers. Beside all discomforts, she is very generous and kind, consuming all her available (glucose) and reserve (fats) energy to produce more milk. She keeps her life on risk and experience deficiency/metabolic ailments in her shortened life. The scientists are agree that the higher yield of this generous cow has shortened the life span of Holstein.

camel milking
Camel milk let down is best in the presence of her calf

On the other hand Naqa (the milk producing camel is called as Naqa in its true habitat) is very wise in consuming and storing energy. In good days (when surplus feed available) she stores energy (fats) in her hump and re-use during the feed scarcity. Having been with the Naqa dairy (modern and intensive), I have experience that even the high yielding Naqa increases the feed conversion efficiency (during high milk yield period) to fulfill extraordinary energy demand and try to keep her stored fat intact (hump). An elder wise man whispered “she stores and uses energy judiciously to keep her body beautiful” as camel’s beauty lies in her hump.

It is a brain storming for you all. Enjoy the life, learn more and revolutionize your ideas.

National Goat Show in Pakistan, The Story of Makhi Cheni Betal Breed

Organized and reported by Dr. Sajjad Khan

Dr. Sajjad Khan is a well-known scientist and currently working as Prf. and Dean faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad Pakistan.

National goat show concluded here at Faisalabad (Pakistan) last evening on 21st October. It was very well attended the show as 663 animals competed for various beauty, weight and milk competitions. Beauty competitions were breed wise. Individual (male or female), pairs (breeding male and a breeding female) and flock (five adult females + 1 breeding male) competitions were held apart from goat kid beauty competition which was across breeds.

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Makhi Cheeni Beetal (MCB) breed from Bahawalnagar

Represented breeds were various strains of Beetal (Faisalabadi, Makhi-Cheeni, Nuqri and Nagri strains), Nachi-the dancing goat (Boora, Sawa, Makra and Bulahi strains) and Diara Din Panah (Kala and Shera strains). Single strains of Barbari, Pak-Angora, and Teddy breeds also competed. While beauty competitions were within, weight and milk competitions were across breeds. Breeders and goat keepers competed for cash prizes, trophies and certificates and just for fun. The show was supported by my University, GEF-UNEP-ILRI FAnGR Asia project and the Directorate of Small Ruminants, Government of Punjab.

Animals started arriving on 18th and 90% had reached by 19th. Animals from the host district arrived on 20thmorning as well. As some had taken a 10-hours journey, rest was needed especially for milking goats. Competitions continued till late into the evening on 20th. The goat kid competition, held for the first time (to promote goat as a pet) was conducted on 21st, the day for prizes and trophies. Some 50 goat kids competed and were paraded (actually allowed to move around for about a minute) before young boys and girls (between 5-8 years of age) who were our no-card guests/visitors and had even helped farmers in handling goats during flock competitions.

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Mature Buck of Makhi Cheeni Beetal

Some 50 were randomly selected from about 90+ boys and girls present. We had 50 red ribbons to be worn to the goat kids. Every kid was individually explained to not follow his/her friends or parents (some had come) for making his/her choice, rather his/her own likeness. While farmers kept sitting with their goat kids, judges (boys and girls) marched in front from one side to the other and selected their champion. Some had done it while animal science students (girls) were tagging the goat kids in the start, while others did it on the spot. Nuqri goat kid won the first position with 7 ribbons followed by Makhi-Cheeni and Barbari goat kids. It is worth mentioning that many goat kids were purchased by the local residents’ price ranging between 80 and 400 USD/animal at the end of the goat show.

 

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MCB lactating doe can produce up to 10 kg milk per day

 

 

Highest weight was 179kg of a Beetal  (Faisalabadi) buck while highest milk yield was of a Beetal Makhi-Cheeni goat producing 4 liters of milk on a voluntary intake as owners were not allowed to offer anything and competing goats remained in the custody of organizing committee before the beginning of emptying of udders till the last milking. Similar restrictions were imposed in weight competition. This was not a kidding season for goats because in our March competition last year, amount of milk by the winning goat was around 8 liters.

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The most deficient information seemed to be scoring the dancing gait of Nachi goats while a lot of indigenous knowledge (apart from the typical nose and longer neck, foot sole was desirable to be visible while animal walks, as narrated by a Nachi farmer) awaits documentation. Love for this breed could be judged talking to a 70-year-old farmer who had raised this breed since he was 10. I hope to learn from him and similarly knowledgeable farmers in future.

 

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Deep colored spotted MCB breed pregnant yearling

 

The show was telecasted live by at least five television channels. Introduction of Nagri strain of Beetal was the pleasant surprise for technocrats and so was the introduction of a colored strain of Diara Din Panah (Shera strain) which was even more attractive than the traditional black strain. Bucks with their cock screw longhorns, massive bodies (~100kg) and long hair really gave a dangerous look (as a friend called them terrorists). New strains of Nachi were also worth watching.  It looks we need to redefine breeds to incorporate farmers standards and available. Information available in booklets on various breeds looks quite distant from reality.

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Best animal of the show was a DDP buck (black strain). The best breeder was Mr. Nazir Masih with exceptionally good animals (1st in milk competition, 1st in flock beauty competition for MCB breed and 1st in individual female beauty competition in MCB breed).

 

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8 Month old MCB female

 

As always it was a very pleasant and rewarding to organize and conduct a goat show. Interaction and exchange of ideas with farmers is an asset. Few photos are attached. More photos with video clips will soon be posted at project website  (http://fangrpk.org/).

Dr. M. Sajjad Khan

Professor

Dept. Animal Breeding and Genetics

University of Agriculture Faisalabad 38040

PAKISTAN

Raidi or Jathnasal Camel breed of Balochistan

This breed of camel purely belongs to a pastoral community of Jath. They are entirely pastoral and move on the Kachhi basin and reach to Sindh province of Pakistan in winter and in summer they reach up to their destination in the Bolan hills. According to them, Berrela breed of Thal (a small desert in Punjab province of Pakistan) and Cholistan is the offshoot of their breed (Raidi).

ImageThere is a very touchy story about the Raidi breed, as they (pastoralists) said that when the Muslim pilgrims of the sub-continent had been travelling with their camels’ caravan to Makka, that time the Raidi pastoralists were the main providers of energetic fresh camel to the Hajis (pilgrims) and to take their sick, injured camels to take rest and get well. After returning from Hajj, the pilgrims were to hand over their camel back to pastoralists and have to take their own camels. In this way, they said that the Raidi camel has the genetic characters of all the camel breeds of the sub-continent because of the breeding with the bulls of the sub-continental camels.

Riadi camel is good in milk, highly resistant to the extremely hot weather of the region, well suited for work in the agricultural field and resistant to many diseases. The camel is the heaviest in the region and weight up to 700 kg. Image

Barela Camel is the Milk Line of Riverine Pakistan

The camel is a unique and special genetic resource and a great gift of the nature to ensure livelihood in difficult situations. Camel! A One in All Creatures. The camel keepers all over the world had evolved a certain type of camel for a specific purpose, i.e. walking ability, adaptation to the certain environment, milk production etc. The Barela camel was mainly evolved for milk and meat to ensure food availability in the dry and hot ecosystems of its habitat.

Barela camel
This camel is very beautiful and a real milk line of the Barela breed

Barela camel is another important camel breed of the riverine region of Pakistan, especially Punjab. Actually, Berela is the camel of long traveling camel breeders of the region. The originate their travel from Thal desert of Sindh and reach up to Cholistan desert. Barela camel is good milk producing an animal in Pakistan. Many Brela camels are exported to the Gulf region for milk. Some were exported to the Horn of Africa. The genes of the Barela camels are found in wide and far regions of the dryland of the world.CHOLISTAN (A Future Food Basket)

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Some are darker than others. The darker type is better in milk than the light fawn

Barela camel is mostly reared in the Lesser Cholistan and on the fringe irrigated areas of district Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, and Rahim Yar Khan area. The Barela camels have heavy strong built and large body frame. The coat color varies from light sandy to dark brown with short coarse hair. Dark brown colored animals are preferred by local people.

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Barela camels have a muscular body with dome-shaped head. The head is heavy, with a well-defined looking. The neck is medium sized with the marked curve. Eyes are bright, round with alert look and are protruding. Nose is thick, lips pendulous and ears are rounded and coarse.download

Shoulders are strong, broad and well set to the chest. Hump is very well developed in males and is placed in the center of the back. The chest pad is well developed and its touching ground evenly shows good confirmation. Legs are strong, bony, stout and well separated so that legs do not rub while walking. Hind legs are slightly weaker than forelegs and are inward curved. The foot pads are medium sized and soft. The milk vein is zigzag, wide and prominent. Milking capacity of the female camel is around 10 liters in an ordinary grazing system. The selected and well-fed animals can produce up to 35 kg of milk per day with a lactation yield of up to 12,000 kg.

Brela Breed Bull
Heavy and massive body.

 

Barela camel Herd

Beautiful Barela camel
A young camel herder with a Barela camel
A beautiful Barela camel with her family
She is the boss and the central force of the herd. She is the leader camel

Beautiful herd of Barela camel

Barela camel herd with different types of color and faces.
we can see a Marrecha camel with special ears in the Barela herd
The Barela camel Pastoralist,
Usually, they have very attractive and beautiful eyes

Barela camel pastoralist explaining the salient features of Barela camelA cropland farmer passes with a Barela camel herd

Barela camel
The heaviest and longest camels

Beautiful Barela camel

A big herd of Barela camel breed
The camel move in a big herd from place to place
Cholistan desert
Barela camel breeders
Cholistan camel breeds and pastoralists
An overnight stay of the Barela camel Pastoralists in Southern Punjab, the vicinity of the Cholistan desert

Barela camel herd but the first looking camel is more visible to Marrecha camelDSC_0495

These Breela camels won the milk competition in Punjab Pakistan
These Brela camels won the milk competition

Reference

Kohe-Suleimani officially Lohani

Habitat: Musakhail, and other mountainous area of Suleiman mountains, Zhob, Sherani, Kakar Khurasan, Loralai, Kohlu, Barkhan, Qillasaifullah, Dera Bugti and Sibi districts. The tribes rearing this breed of cattle are many, i.e. Pani, Kakar, Mandokhail, Hasni, Syed, Buzdar, Kethran, Sherani and other Pashtoon and Baloch tribes. The nucleuses of the breed are Zamri area of Musakhail and Rarkan area of Barkhan districts.

Phenotypic characteristics: The breed has wide diversity and there are many colors, i.e. white with red spots, white with black spots, red, brown, black, tan and grey colors. The size variability is also there, i.e. the animals live in the high altitude have compact body with smaller body size and the animals live in the river and plain area get larger body size.

The cattle of this breed reaches to puberty at the age of 2 years in good feeding conditions. The milk production is 18 to 30 piala (Piala is a local measurement, measure with local tea cup and 8 piala is one kg) daily, in ordinary grazing system. Body condition score is always good than the pure and cross Friesian. The milk is also thick, very high consumer preference and produces more ghee. The ghee of the breed is highly preferred and many Pashto poems are singing to praise it.

Vegetation: The vegetation like by Kohe-Suleimani cattle is mainly composed of bush, mainly found in the streams and river banks. The main vegetations are comprised of Sargasse, Saba, Mashkana, Surmagh or Spermagh, Lukha, Viza, Barvasa and Saba etc.

Population: The breed is found in a large territory of Balochistan and also in the adjoining parts of Punjab and Pakhtoonkhua provinces. The population estimation is for the areas falling in the Balochistan province is about 1.8 million and the trend is increasing.

Special traits:

v  They climb in mountains and use the vegetation of the high altitudes

v  Consume highly fibrous material

v  The disease register is very low, highly resistant to trypanosomiasis and other ticks diseases.

The kal sakhta (resistant to dry years)

v  Milk production is persistent and not adversely affected by weather and feed scarcity

v  Very hardy animal and use for draught power in mountains

The yakh sakhta (resistant to cold weather)

Option hopes: More effective tool against drought, because of its climbing ability and consuming highly fibrous feed

Economic importance: The male animals once mainly use for draught power is now getting very higher prices in market for its meat quality. Mostly male animals are sold at the age of 3 years at the occasion of EidulAdha and catch very high prices. The milk is mainly use for family use and extra milk is converted in ghee. The ghee is usually consume at family level but extra is sell out by the women of the family and the earning goes to women. This breed is very important for woman.

Morak Goat Breed of the Chaghai Kharan Desert

Habitat: Chaghai Kharan desert especially Raskoh mountains of the region is the home track of the breed. The breed is very close to its wild ancestors. There are many tribes, rearing this breed of goat, which are Badeni, Muhammad Hasani, Maingul, Jamaldini, Sasoli, Sanjrai, Nothezi, Nausherwani, Malangzai, Siafad, Faqirzai, Hajizai,.

Phenotypic characteristics: The goat has medium size with black body coat, very rare specimen with white color is also found. The long curled horns, especially in the male with beard are the salient feature of the breed. The goat also produces reasonable amount of milk.

Vegetation: Vegetation of the area liked by the goat is comprising of Ghaz (Tamarix Articula), shrub as Taghaz (Haloxylon Amodendron), bushes like Hashwarg (Rhozya Stricta), Pog (Calegnum Polygonaides) Cotor (Stockcia Brohinca), Lara (Salsola Kali), Kandar (Alhogi Camelarum), Barshonk, Karwankush, Narronk (Salsola Arbuscula), Tusso (Gaillaina Aucheri) and grasses like Mughair (Atriplex Dimprphostegium), Kash (Sacchorum Siliare), Righith (Suoeda Monica) Shanaluk (Allium Rubellum). etc.The Ice Cream Species of Plants for the Camel and Goat. Part 1Part 2. Ice Cream Species of Plants for the Camel and Goat

Population: Population of the breed is almost 0.5 million. The population trend is increasing. Morak breed is one of the badly affected goat breeds in the province by the previous drought (1998-2003), as the drought was very severe in this ecological zone.Effects of Drought on Livestock Sector in Balochistan Province of Pakistan

Special Traits:

  • Close to its wild ancestors
  • It is very accessible to inaccessible areas for grazing, i.e. the peaks of the mountains
  • The animal is very alert and fast running, hence can’t be eaten by pest and predators. More close to wild ancestors
  • High milk production in harsh environment of the region in a very low input system of the ordinary grazing

Option Hopes: Close relation to its wild ancestors.

Morak goat of Kharan Washuk region

Economic importance: The most important breed for livelihood earning of the pastoral livestock keepers of the region. It provide milk in the harsh environment when the sheep milk yield ceased. It also provides cash by selling it, when the livestock keepers need cash money. The animal may attain good weight and attract good prices because of its more meat and height.

Berberi Goat Breed


Habitat: Kachhi basin is the home tract of the breed. The area has very high ambient temperature which may reach up to 52 °C.  The tribes of the region, in the north there are Pani and Kakar Pashtoon tribes and in the south is Rind, Lehri, Somro, Bugti, Mari, Khoso, Jamali, Jatoi and Resai.

Phenotypic characteristics: The goat is smaller in size with multi coat colors. The breed is multicolored, i.e. white with black patches, white, red, yellow and others, but the preferred color is white, because of the resistance to high temperature. The goat has high prolificacy rate and produce reasonable amount of milk to feed her offspring.

Vegetation: Vegetation of the area like by the goat is Acacia, Dalbergia, Zizyphis, Presepis Juliflora, Panicum antidetals, Halexylon spp and Alhagae camalorum.

Population: Population of the breed is almost 0.8 million. The breed is also found in the in the adjoining areas of Sindh province, reared by Baloch tribes. The population trend is increasing.

Traits special:

v  The goat of this breed is highly resistant to high temperature

v  High prolificacy rate and good mothering ability

v  The animal is very alert and fast running like a deer, hence can’t be preyed by pest and predators. More close to wild ancestors

v  One of the fast growing goats in the province

Option Hopes: Tolerance to high ambient temperature.

Economic importance: Because of the fast growing ability and high prolificacy, the breed can be use for mutton production in the hostile climatic conditions of the region. The male bucks of age more than one year already gained very high prices in the major livestock market of Sindh province especially, at the occasion of Eid Aladha. The beauty of this breed, looking like a deer also attract consumer at the occasion of Eid Aldha.

Kajalle Sheep Breed

Habitat: The nucleus of the breed is Wani , Gosa, Babar, Kapip areas of Zhob and Hassankhail area of Musakhail district. Kakar, Khostai, Babar, Sherani, Hassankhail tribes are the custodians of the breed.

Phenotypic characteristics: Small in size, white body coat with red head, fine dense wool are the salient feature of Kajalle breed.

Vegetation: The vegetation of the area likes by the Kajalle sheep consists of Saba, Barawaza, viza, Saragarri and Ghozara, Spanda.

Population: The population of the Kajalle sheep is almost 200,000 and the trend is increasing.

Special traits

  • Resistant to dry years (Tha kal sakhtha)
  • Can survive with very scarce vegetation (pa laz abadi guzara kavi)
  • Mouth and muzzle is like forceps and can graze on tiny vegetation
  • The meat is delicious and not decreases in size after drying (Landi meat), when the dry meat is put in water, it regains its size
  • Wool is like cotton and second coat of wool also appear in winter. The wool is dense (Thathwargi)
  • The milk is yellowish like cow milk and have more butter fats (high fats contents)
  • The breed is persistent in characteristics and don’t change easily. When other breed’s ram is offered the breed not change easily (the nasal sakhta)
  • Good learning and obedient animal with the shepherd and owner

Option hopes: Drought resistant, water resistant, Can survive with very scarce vegetation (pa laz abadi guzara kavi)

Economic importance: The breed is a good tool and security of income in hard days (dry years and days).  Hard years mean dry years and hard days mean when there is no mean of income then the breeders sell extra animals. Usually they never intend to sell their sheep, especially females.

The breed is usually use as subsistence type of production system; the milk is use as fresh, for tea and by-products like ghee, butter fats and Kurth. The meat is mainly use for Landi purpose. As the meat are highly delicious, tender, high local consumer preference, good marbling and taste. The wool is dense and is usually prefer than many breed, because of its lengths, softness and spinning qualities.

 

Lassi Camel Breed

Lassi camel is found in coastal area of Balochistan and Sind. The climate of the region is hot and humid. Camel is not only use for transportation but also found as separate herds and is main livestock activity. The camel herders purely dependent on camels and earn daily needs from it.

Production systems and socioeconomic importance
They migrate with their camels to central Balochistan in winter and go back to coastal areas of the province. The pastoral people sell their animal when they need money. Camel play pivotal role in the socioeconomic life of the Lassi herders. Camel provides transportation for all means, milk and play role as a bank on hooves. The milk is usually use for family use and surplus is given in gift to friends and relatives.

Population size and trend
The population size of the breed is 7000 to 8000 heads and the trend is decreasing. The factors responsible for this sad state of situation are speedy urbanization and industrialization in the region.

Breeding goal of the breed
The main breeding goals of the breed are the production a camel with adaptation to the environment. The camel with long legs and neck is preferred because of its potential for walking in coastal ecosystem. Light fawn color is the top and preferred color but some breeders like the black shades on the belly side. Actually the breeders the main breeding preference is to select male with the ability of walking ability in coastal ecosystem and thriftiness on the vegetation of the area.

Special traits of the breed
 Adaptability to coastal ecology
 Able to drink brackish water
 Rely on highly saltiest vegetation

Phenotypic characteristics
The camel of this breed is comparatively larger in size. The predominant body color is fawn but red fawn color is also found. The camel has long legs, pointed muzzle and longer head.

Table Biometric parameters of the Lassi breed

Body measurements Male Female Mean
Head Length 40.40 39.19 30.80
Head Width 20.00 19.30 19.70
Wither Height 169.50 167.30 168.4
Thoracic Girth 173 169.50 171.25
Abdominal Girth 219 237 228
Tail Length 46 48 47
Ear Length 10 10 10
Ear width 7 7 7
Neck Length 98 96 97
Rump Length 166 166.8 166.40
Estimated Weight 322 343 332.50

Table Reproductive and productive traits of Lassi camel

No Traits Values
Male Female
1 Average birth Weight 35 – 40 kg 31 – 37 kg
2 Average weaning Weight* 175 – 185 kg 160 – 170 kg
5 Ready for workload 3 yr 3 yr
7 Use for heavy duty 7 yr
8 Age of puberty 4 yr 3 yr
9 Average work life 20 yr
10 Average reproductive life 20 ye 21 yr
11 Conception rate out of  herd 50-50 %
12 Gestation  period 375-386 day
13 Calving rate out of herd 45-50%
14 Calving interval 2-3  yr
15 Average milk production 6-7 kg/day
16 Lactation length 9-11 month
17 Wool Production 2.5 kg

 

Reproductive and productive performance
Male is ready for breeding at the 4 years of age and female reaches to the time of mating at the age of 3 years. About 50 she camels are normally bred by one bull camel. While the service period remains for 6 days and estrus cycle ranging from one week to 4 week. The conceived she camel changes her behavior at 6th day of service and show a different behavior as erecting her tail when an animal or a person come near to her. Calving interval is normally two years, depending upon the availability of foliage and lactation length. Average reproductive life of a female is about 20 years. Conception rate of camel is higher with appreciable calving percentage and rare abortion. Weight of the calf at the birth is almost 35-45 kg, depending upon the sex, nutritional and health status of the dam. Weaning weight at (9 month) is about 155-180 kg.

Marketing and future economic potential
One of the main markets for Lassi camel is Karachi and other larger cities of Sindh, especially at the occasion of Eid Aladha. The sacrifice of camel in Karachi is getting popularity at the occasion of Eid Aladha. The other main market is the export of camel to Iran. Now the camel milk is also getting popularity among the urban dwellers for the treatment of ailments like backache, long bone pains and hepatitis.

A concept note for camel development

It is a real time pleasure that camel is receiving attention of the scientists more than ever. I hope the belongings will change in camel’s favor soon. From this end of the world, I would like to say that everything, each entity, organization and camel stake holder is important. Our basic theme must be inclusive but not exclusive. We should take on board all the stake holders for a global camel initiative. CARDN, IFAD, ISOCARD, Tvisky etc, everyone is important and playing important role.
Also about ideas of work, yeah, there is still need to work on each issue of camel. There are many people, scientists, workers in this world who are working on camel. Camel’s people are really devoted and already working in hard conditions. We have good human resource, so let’s work on all issues and correlate them all. Everything to be done is important; all are interwoven and correlated issues. In many areas of the world, there is high demand for camel products, esp camel milk but there is no good information system on the availability of milk and other products. In some area camel milk is available but marketing is poor. In some institutes, scientific publications are available but not extended to the stake holders. In some areas farms are available but the data is either not published or published at very local levels. Also, we really do not know about the sanctuaries, movement, population, breeds trends & status and production potential (quantitative traits) etc of camel. Some new diseases also threatened camel production and health in the recent time. Also gene level studies are important to know the real potential etc. There is also need to study camel in the climate change context. In Africa some pastoral communities are shifting from cattle pastoralism to camel pastoralism because cattle is the most prone to droughts. There are many global camel issues, like Australia is going to kill camel is carbon credit. Such problems are political also. The same camel can be use as food aid for the African continent and the recent drought stricken populace in Somalia and part of Kenya. Also camel work needs to be link with the pastoralism and dry land environment.
To materialize all the above ideas, funding is also very important. Funding is not an easy task especially these days because of economies crisis everywhere. Also, as an ice breaking a meeting of the organizations, scientists, representative from camel communities, funding agencies is also important. ISOCARD is going to have a camel conference at the junction of 2011-2011 in Oman. That is very good opportunity to participate and have a 1 day satellite meeting at the end of the conference. I wish if the ISOCARD authorities invite funding agencies and the other above said stake holders and have joint declaration on camel. ISOCARD is publishing a journal on camel and already conducted two camel conferences at global level, i.e. in Alain and Djerba, Tunisia. The journal of camel practice and research (JCPR), is another good source of data on camel.
FAO is also a good source of information on camel. Many publications of FAO on camel are available. The FAO funding on the application of global plan of action on animal genetic resources can also be helpful but only the governments can send the proposals against such FAO funding. FAO can appreciate governments to have camel projects.
Now, please walk for a concrete goal. Dr Aziz from KSA said, he can help in arranging findings or at least I understood that from his email. I am available for a joint camel work.