Ethnobotany: The People of Saanich — Living World Educator

Nancy Turner is one of the most renowned ethnoecologists in BC and known all over the world for her work in ethnobotany and as an advocate for First Peoples’ rights. In this little book, “Saanich Ethnobotany

This photo of txálhpaoz̓ (“willow tree”) is not copyrighted and is in the public domain UVIC’s own Nancy Turner is one of the most renowned ethnoecologists in BC and known all over the world for her work in ethnobotany and as an advocate for First Peoples’ rights. In this little book, “Saanich Ethnobotany: culturally important plants of the […] #thnobotany

via Ethnobotany: The People of Saanich — Living World Educator

The Precious Heritage of the People’s Science is Going to Extinction

The human communities had been facing challenges since the unknown time of human history.  In the meanwhile, they had been responding with critical analyses, mature responses, and solid philosophies. Though taking a longer time period (evolution) the results were always easy to understand, interesting to implement and accurate to target the challenge. The people’s science is a great art which is proved by the time and generations.

Lets’ take the health science (people’s health science) as an example. It was absolutely based on the concepts of symbiosis, wellness of all, hot & cold (nature of the product), personal nature, prevailing environments, habitats and landscape (weather, water, air etc) and a long list of things. The Philosophy of Symbiosis and Gut’s Role in Natural Health

The techniques of the people’s science are fortified with the following merits.

  • Free of side effects
  • Symbiotic in nature
  • Local solution (available local)
  • Locally manageable
  • Cheaper in prices (usually free available)
  • No intellectual and proprietary rights
  • No corporate business is involved
  • No problem to the environment.

As a conclusion of the talk, I would expect, the scientists, philosophers, thinkers, policymakers, educationist, and politicians to consider this precious part of science. The modern era is forcing this precious heritage of people’s science towards extinction. It is the utmost need of time to give proper place to people’s science so that the modern ideas go hand in hand with the proven science of the communities.

 

Camel Fairs in Pakistan: A Case Study from Mangrota of Pakistan

Camel plays a very pivotal role in the life of the people of the northeastern Balochistan (Suleiman  mountainous region). The camel herders graze their camel herds all around the year on the woody vegetation of the mountains and in the month of October, they separate the camels ready for sale. The ready for sale animals are then moved to Mangrota camel fair. Mangrota camel fair is very famous among the camel breeders and is the main market for their camels. Mangrota is the town of Tehsil Taunsa, Dera Ghazi Khan (D.G.Khan) district of the Punjab province, Pakistan. The Mangrota camel Mela is held every year in the month of October and is the largest event of the year for the pastorals and traders of the region. The camels brought are predominantly white in color and are known as Kohi camel. These camels are mostly brought from the Suleiman Mountains and the adjoining areas. Mostly mature well-developed males of age more than 5 years are brought, but some cow camels and immature male and female are also brought.

The male matured draught animals acquire by the people of the high mountains for downloading timber wood, vegetables and the old and sick populace down to the roadsides or nearby towns. They carry their daily requirements by loading on camels to the peaks of the mountains where they live. These camels are moved from Mangrota camel Mela both on foot and by loading in trucks to Swat, Dir, Dera Ismail Khan (D.I Khan), Tribal areas & other parts of the NWFP province and some may reach to Afghanistan.Camels in Magrota

Location & History of Mangrota Fair
Mangrota is a town of Tehsil Taunsa, Dera Ghazi Khan (D.G.Khan) district of the Punjab province, Pakistan. Mangrota is situated at the terminal of the piedmont of Suleiman Mountain eastward. According to some elders and, Mela was previously called as Dosera, which was being held regularly at 16-23 October of each year. The Mela was purely a religious event of Hindu people before partition. Those times the camel was being used for bringing the Hindu families to the Mela place mainly on camel back, donkeys, and horses. A lot of camel, donkeys, and horses were being gathered at one place and the Mela gradually got importance as camel and other draught animal’s bazaar. After partition, the religious importance of the Mela diminished and the marketing importance still exists. The Mela is interesting for the camel herders, traders, businessmen, local healers of camel and other related people. Now the Mela has been declared as Camel Mela officially.Mangrota Camel Fair

Number and type of animals
Mela is for the camel but horses and donkeys are also brought. An increasing trend in the number of donkeys and horses has been observed. Camel comes here range from 8,000 to 10,000 every year. In the year 2006, the camel number was comparatively lesser than previous years due to the trouble in Maree and Bugti hills of Suleiman Mountains. The causes of the lesser number of traders participation were the rumors that this year the Mela will not be held because of the trouble in the Maree and Bugti area and the because of the month of Ramazan. In the year 2007, the camel number was higher than 2006 but the traders were lesser, because of the uncertainty in the Northern tribal area, where the majority of the camel goes.

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Business and Marketing System
The contract of the Mela is auctioned by D.G. Khan Municipal Corporation each year and contractor of the Mela charges 5 % of the cost of camel, which is paid by both the supplier and buyer or only one party pay the whole tax depending on the bargain. If someone found selling or buying an animal without paying the tax, will be punished eleven times of the actual tax. Broker charges of Rs. 400/ on each bargain (200 from each party) on the camel and a broker can make up to 25 bargains in a day. The traders paying for a camel.

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