Bio-Treasures of the Jebel Hafeeth in Alain, UAE and Hiking EthnoEcologically


Life is always a fun and blessing if you love something with purpose. I love the nature and my life is a realtime blessing and fun. Last Saturday, our dream came true and we managed hiking Jebel Hafeeth. Jebel Hafeeth’s summit is 1200 meters above the sea level. The mountain has a good road to access the summit and sophisticated infrastructure is provided.

My Interest was not only to see the Mountain and Reach the Summit but the Biodiversity and Landscape

The mountain is the hotspot of the unique biodiversity, flora and fauna of the region. I wished to see the biodiversity as much as possible and decided to hike while walking and exploring the treasures of biodiversity. My two sons, Haris and Uzair accompanied me and helped me a lot especially in filming and carrying the luggage with me.

We Found Jebel Haffet the Treasure of Flora

About 118 species of plants are documented in the mountainous region of Jebel Hafeeth, some are only found in this mountain but no where elese in the world. Our main iterest was to see the plants and animals, make some pictures/video and study them according to our capacity. We found very unique plants here which I have never seen before in my all travels and journies. In the following, I shall share some pictures with you.

A flora with very beautiful flowers, unique aroma and pods of seeds. The plants is leguminous in nature and very hard to survive in dry conditions. Issumed as member of Brassica family

Looks like Fountain grass but it is a very reselient, hard and adapted bush of the desert. In the plain lands/desert it is surviving in very challenging conditions and provide food to the livestock and wild animals. The camels love this plant.

Haloxylong, an importan species of the flora in the region and beyond. This plant has very high herbal and feeding value. One of the rich sources of salts for the livestock in the desert and other dry regions. There are many types of Haloxylon, 2 types found in the UAE.

A thorny beautiful bush of the mountain with beautiful and attractive flowers. The bark of the plants is witish tan and there are long spines. I found many flies around the flowers and a moth as well. If some one knows more and better about the plant, please respond.

The flowers are very resemble to the Ocra flowers but the plant is entirely different. I could not conclude any idea about the plant. The flowers are so charming and attractive. I hope someone from the nature lovers and ecologist will respond. In my view it looks like Fallugia sp.

Beautiful hardy flora with larger leaves give an attraction to the rocks of the Jebel Hafeet. This plant is also unique and found in the dry mountain Al Hijar. Further information are required.

A tall but attractive bush sprouted in the rock. Again, the information are very rare and limited.

Very much resemble to the Ragweed but need further clarificaiton and details. A beatiful bush.

A beautiful spiny leaf bush with yellow flowers. The natural resources here are conserved and protected so very hard to predict if what species of livestock has consumed it.

Some Woody Flora

There are some woody vegetation as well, mainly Acacia, Zizyphus and some others. Need further work to expolore the wood genetics of the region.

Come and See the Rock with Us

The rock of the mountain is predominently sedimentry. You can see many broken and rolledout rocks anywhere in the mountain. You will enjoy seeing the mamut stones giving the sense of hardiness.

Orchard Farming and Infrastructure

The road is extended to the summit of the mountain, ranging to 12 km. The infrastructure is well establish with all faciliites like parkings on different heights, lighting in the night, and so many other facilities.

I found one thing very important and interesting but new, the orchard of the Fig, Pomegranate and Jamon. The plants are very healthy, connected with the water pipeline, with the motors running with the solar penals.

We met a Hiker from Canada

A hiker friend was there asking about the hiking route. We had a very good chat. He told us about his hiking story of Jebel Jaish. Life is very precious and beautiful and make it possible to connect you with the different corners of the world. Lets love our life and our mother earth.

The Birds we Saw

Yes, we saw the birds though some from distance on the rocks and in the air. I hereby share the pictures of sand petridge, Egyptian volture, and sparrows.

The Sad Message and Thing Needs to be done?

Life and nature are very beautiful. We must be very grateful for each moment we live and spending time on the earth. Sometimes you see the painful facts in the life, really painful and disturbing. One thing which make me very upset is the litter or waste thrown without any purpose just to make our Mother Earth dirty and unhealthy.

The gohome message is to raise awareness about the cleaning and caring the mother earth. Please help me in spreading my message ‘KEEP THE MOTHER EARTH HEALTHY AND CLEAN’.

THE DEAD BIRD, BUSH, AND THE CAT

Refrences

Sandy or Deserted, Richland vs Poorland


The land cover with the sands is sandy, commonly known as desert. But all the sandy soil are not deserted soil. To me, deserted mean the land abused by the factory farming or monocultural farming, full of the residues of the pesticides, weedicides and chemicals.

The monoculture farming is hazardous to the flora and fauna and kill the mother earth natural health.

The sandy soils are commonly known as deserts because of the poor/low annual precipitation. When there is enough precipitation, such sandy lands turn into lush green meadows. Such lands are the reservoirs of the plants and animal genetic resources. The plants of the deserts are very beautiful with attractive flowers. https://camel4all.blog/2019/12/09/beautiful-flowers-and-fruits-of-wild-flora-of-united-arab-emirates/

In thins blog, I have to share some very beautiful pictures which I took yesterday in the evening time. We received some few rains last 3 weeks and now the desert is very beautiful and full of beautiful shrubs and flowers.

The sandy deserts are blessed with very special plants which conserve moisture in their cushions, hairy to divert evaporation moisture and hardy to resist strong sunshine.

We just need to place some inputs like reseeding of native plants, protection from grazing for a certain period and some landscape adjustment, we can turn the sandy desert into a shrubland.

Camel’s Flower (زهر) Tribulus is the Precious Flora of the Arabian Desert~ A Camel Ice-cream Species. Series 5


Tribulus is resilient, beautiful and important flora of the desert.

  • It is resilient to the hardiness of the climate and weather of the desert
  • Having medicinal value, directly and indirectly (use as a herb also indirectly through camel urine and milk)
  • it is perineal plant but sprouts in spring (March and April after rains)
Tribulus Plant
Tribulus; Very much liked by the camel, especially fresh sprouted with blossom in the spring after rains, therefore known as camel ice-cream species

Not only valued as camel food and ethnomedicine but tribulus is home to precious fauna of the Desert

  • Many types of fauna live inside and around the Tribulus plant
  • They either depend upon the nectar, or florescence or eat the leaves
  • Some makes burrows and home inside the plant to make it habitat
  • They are making a rich niche and ecosystem
  • They fabricate a very useful and efficient biological control

They have beautiful flowers and seeds

The yellow flowers make it very attractive in the desert. It attracts insects and birds from a far distance. The aroma of the nectar is also very appealing for the bees and wasps. The seeds are coated in a compound structure enriched with hair to maintain the moisture of the structure.

The pest of the plant

In the month of the February, they are very much affected by the small black insects like lice. The insects rely on fluorescence for food and shelter. They drink the moisture and juice of the pedestal of the flowers.

Then the other factors, like other good insects, wind storms, birds, and rain help the tribunals to get rid of the lice.

  1. https://camel4all.blog/2017/12/17/the-ice-cream-species-of-plants-for-the-camel-and-goat/
  2. https://camel4all.blog/2017/12/17/the-ice-cream-species-of-plants-for-the-camel-and-goat/
  3. https://camel4all.blog/2017/12/21/part-2-ice-cream-species-of-plants-for-the-camel-and-goat/
  4. https://camel4all.blog/2018/06/24/plants-that-are-liked-such-as-icecream-by-the-camels-part-3/
  5. https://camel4all.blog/2019/05/23/plants-that-are-liked-such-as-icecream-by-the-camels-part-4/

How to Chase the Camels’ Ticks?


Ticks are the blood-sucking insects and indirectly causing tick born diseases. The best way is to control through Biological means. They become very active in the night when there is dark and the weather is mild. I would like you also read the ethnoveterinary measures of the camel herders to control such troubleshooting.Ethnoveterinary treatments by dromedary camel herders in the Suleiman Mountainous Region in Pakistan: an observation and questionnaire study

Sometimes, you cannot see on the camels’ body in the daytime. You even do not notice if there are ticks near or on the camels. Here, I share some pictures (the steps and ticks’ pictures) which will help you in understanding.

Beautiful walkway of the ticks
The sign of footsteps of the ticks on the sand.

The best way is to control biologically;

  • The chickens if not provided other feed, they better eat the ticks.
  • All partridges, especially Guinea fowl also a good eater of the ticks.
  • Some wood oil application on the camels’ body
  • Some trees, like Loghone, is very good
  • Removing the unwanted waste material especially wood, hay, empty bags will also help in control.

Ticks hiding here somewhere
The ticks walkway in the sand

The Guinea Fowl
Guinea fowl with the beautiful chicks

Ticks hiding under the sand
The ticks hiding under the sand cake were chased out because of their footsteps.

The ticks sanctuary
The ticks are smart and hid somewhere under the shady place in the daytime.

The Camel Milk Story from the Gobi Desert Mongolia


The story is hereby released at the eve of the World Camel Day 2018.

The author was invited by the newly established Mongolian Camel Milk Company. The group owns their camels in the desert as their half families live there with the precious livestock in the amazing Gobi.

img_51551-e1529573776340.jpgI started traveling from Dubai airport (2 am, 20th April) and reached Ulaanbaatar on the 21st morning 7 am (Cengiz Khaan International Airport) via Moscow by Aeroflot. The 12 hours stay in Moscow Sheremetyevo airport was an excellent experience of life as I slept in a small cabin available on rent, the first time in my life.

A Bank advertisement with camel, the first thing I saw on arrival

Sanaa and Enkhie (the trip organizers) received me at the airport and took me to the hotel (Khuvsgul Lake). Today, the program was composed of some meetings in the UB city with camel scientists/researcher, businessmen and visiting Changiz Khan Museum.

Me with Enkhie in Chansiz Khan Museum

Travel to South Gobi Desert

Next day, we traveled for more than 10 hours by road and reached South Gobi region. We traveled another 1:30 hour to reach the nomad Ger (house). The nomad family warmly welcomed us and we stayed overnight there. I slept in the Ger first time.Nomad house decorated with many camel medals

Gobi is a vast land with rich floral biodiversityThis time period of the year, the nomads do not milk the camels but to let the calf take it and get stronger. The Bactrian camels have beautiful small teats with a strongly attached compact udder.Bactrian camel is very good riding animal

Seeing Camels and Interviewing the Herder

Next day, I woke up in the morning and went to the camels. They are still roaming near the Ger with their calves. The calves are tied. I observed the calves and the dams and found them very healthy and stronger.

Types of camel

There are 3 types of Bactrian camels in the region, i.e.

  1. Galba Gobiin Ulaan (Reddish colored camel)
  2. Khaniin Khestiin Khuren (Brown colored camel)
  3. Thukhum MTungologiin kKhos Zogdott Khuren (double line neck hair)

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Breeding Season

The breeding season starts in October and reached the peak in December and slowly decline and cease in April. Usually, one Bull is enough for up to 70 she-camels. The details of the production traits are given in the table below.

Table: The Production Traits of the Bactrian camel in the region

Months Conception Rate (%) Calving %age Avg. Milk (kg)
Jan 25 25 0.1
Feb 15 16 0.15
Mar 4 5 0.175
Apr 2 3 0.2
May 2 1 0.3
Jun 1 1 1.2
Jul 1 1 1.8
Aug 1 2 1.6
Sep 3 2 1.5
Oct 5 4 0.5
Nov 16 15 0.17
Dec 25 25 0.1

The table clearly indicates the breeding season, calving percentage, and the milk production. The Camel Milk is lower in quantity, producing from 1-3 liter/day but the milk is thick and full of energy to give special strength to the calf to survive in challenging environment. The average milk production based on my survey is 640 ml/day with lactation yield 233 kg. The lactation here calculated on the annual basis but in actual, the camel produces for up to 8 months.

Camel Milk Products

The nomads use camel milk as fresh directly. The surplus is converted into fermented product (Harmok). The Harmok is used very widely and some products are available in the market in Ulaanbaatar. For further details about Bactrian milk, you can go to the link Detailed Nutritional Composition of Bactrian Camel’s Milk

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Harmok

The surplus Harmok is converted into CM Vodka and the residues are used to make Curt. The curt and Vodka is offered to the guests as a unique product of the Gobi.

The Attachment of Nomads with camel

The nomads love their camel very much. They call it Temeh in the Mongolian language. They use camel for riding, racing, festivals, wool, and also for meat (in rare cases).