Tribulus Plant


Camel4Life International Group

The camel4life international is a group of camelists (scientists, academics, farmers, activists, businessmen, student, farmers, etc) advocating camel aspects, especially the milk. We are a major think tank of the camelids’ world. Time to time we have serious and hot debates as the salts requirements and tolerance, camel milk and its therapeutic potential, camel role in ecosystem management, etc. But now we have rather very serious, hot and complicated issue, the CAMEL URINE.

How the debate started?

in response to Christina Adams, Fatima Ramadan from Egypt responded as “This is excellent, there is research we are working on to extract nanoparticles from camel urine to treat cancer..on 🐀

And then debate started and turned into hot discussion with each moment of time. I hereby share the link of the post, published on the website of

Here is the link of the full length article.

I invite you to take part in discussion. I wish we give our feedback and inputs. We should not go in personal hot argument but discuss with the scientific findings, traditional knowledge, cultural and religious philosophies. Please give your feedback in the comments box below.


  1. Good afternoon Doctor. Interesting subject and not one that ever raised its head in either Mauritania, Mali or Niger. It (camel urine) was taken seriously when watering stock with regards the health of the animals, colour and smell. I suppose here in the UK it was used to process animals skins bit not as as far as I am aware in my region of experience. I will of course keep an eye out for upcoming comments and of course as ever, more research every time I receive one of your notifications. Take care Doctor.

    1. Thanks for your response and feedback. I always found your feedback very informative and useful. Please keep your fingers cross.
      I just want to reconfirm my understanding as; to if the urine was used for dying/processing of raw skin? if yes, which animal urine and when was that time (almost how long before)? I would certainly like to have your answer.
      Best regards and thanks very much once again.

  2. Cows urine in the UK was used from medieval times to perhaps circa 1950. Chemical agents had been used earlier, chromium being one which has been found to be harmful to humans. In Marrakesh and Fez they continue to use cows urine and pigeon droppings. The stench is rather pungent. I passed through Morocco on my way from and to France on occasion, I do not like to stop too long. I visited Tan Tan on four occasions in The Western Sahara looking for stolen stock from Mauritania where the Saharawi as well as the Maure used vegetable tanning processes. Generally the leather is of a low quality. I used goatskin (guerba) as a water sack. The skin was sown and washed with water until the water ran clear, leaving some fat on the inside. Though it never tasted of it.

    1. Thanks very much once again. You are really great inspiration for us. I would love if you can share your story and experience with the nomads. I shall publish on the website. Best regards

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