Is Camel a True Ectotherm Animal?

I have written a lot about the camels during last 20 years. Mainly, I have compiled my own observation and research about camels. A huge part of my write-up is also derived from the publications and literature published globally. I compiled the characteristics of camels which are rented from all the animal kingdoms. A camel is really a unique animal, having characters that are otherwise scattered throughout the animal kingdom.

Albumor camel from Kuwait. Photo credit: Dr. AbdulAziz Alateeqi
Camels in Gobi desert. Credit to Amalgam.

What is an Ecotherm animal?

Any animal whose regulation of body temperature depends on external sources, such as sunlight or a heated rock surface. The ectotherms include fishes, amphibians, reptiles, and invertebrates. That is the very simple definition of the Ecotherm. In my view, the true definition of Ecotherm is ‘the group of animals that can regulate their body temperature according to the ambient environment’.

The camel also can regulate body temperature according to the ambient environment, especially the body temperature fluctuations that are greatest in dehydrated camels (up to 7 degrees C), and in these, the respiratory water loss might vary from about 0.06 to 1.2 g/min. Therefore, camels can tolerate extreme cold and hot weather, you can see camels in the Gobi desert surviving at +- 50 C. This level of tolerance makes camel an ectotherm vertebrate. It is still debatable if the camel is a true ectotherm or pseudo-ectotherm.

Looking forward

Please I need your feedback and knowledge to share in this regard. The camel is really an amazing herbivore, having characteristics of all types of animals on the earth. The camels can fluctuate body temperature up to 7 degrees C which is really amazing.

4 thoughts on “Is Camel a True Ectotherm Animal?”

  1. I think we know this from the observation of camel’s behaviour in the desert during their long journeys.

    Still, anything about this unique animal is interesting.


    1. yes, you are right. The long journeys in the desert with very little food and water push camels to adapt the characteristics of dehydration and hunger.

  2. Carlos Iglesias Pastrana

    Tibary, A., & El Allali, K. (2020). Dromedary camel: A model of heat resistant livestock animal. Theriogenology, 154, 203-211.

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: