Kuchi or Kochi but in Trouble
Afghanistan is one of the important countries of the dryland region of the world. Afghanistan is home and cradle of precious livestock breeds. The old civilization of Zoroaster domesticated the present-day Bactrian camel in the ancient city of Bakhtria in Afghanistan. Afghanistan places precious and well-adapted livestock breeds with a very touchy livestock culture and home to nomads (Kochis). Kochis or pastoralists having a diversity of livestock species and breeds. They are the custodian of such precious animal genetic resources and guardians of the rich culture of nomadism.
Restrictions in Movement
Afghanistan is the land of wars and conflicts, now new and modern problems and conflicts are arising in the country. Because of the wars, there were restrictions on the nomad’s movement with their livestock in some parts of the country. Now arable farmers and warlords are grabbing the land for construction and high input agriculture production which further restricts the movement of livestock. Nomadism is very important for livestock and flora diversity. The restriction affects the livestock production systems of the Kochis very negatively. Such phenomenon, i.e. land grabbing is further harmful to livestock biodiversity.
The Way Forward
It is the utmost need of time to give attention to this issue and save pastoralism and their precious livestock breeds and culture. I hereby appeal to international organizations like FAO to facilitate nomadism in Afghanistan and resist land grabbing and restriction of livestock movement of the nomads or Kochis.